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OJPed> Vol.3 No.4, December 2013
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Isolated aldosterone deficiency in two infants: Mistakes and dilemmas in the diagnosis and treatment of a rare disease

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DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.34071    4,316 Downloads   6,347 Views  
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Ivana Pela, Laura Capirchio, Camilla Menchini, Giulia Anzilotti, Salvatore Seminara

Affiliation(s)

Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Department of Health Sciences, Meyer Children’s Hospital, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

ABSTRACT

In this article, we describe the clinical picture and follow-up of two children diagnosed as suffering from pseudohypoaldosteronism when they were infants, and it was later recognized as isolated aldosterone deficiency in both. We illustrate the clinical differences between the two patients in terms of hydroelectrolytic balance, laboratory data and growth. In fact, while the growth and hematological parameters of the electrolytes and acid-base balance were normal in the first patient, and also without treatment with fludrocortisone thanks to very high renin activity, in the second patient, this treatment was vitally necessary to maintain normal growth and biochemical data. Despite the absence of a molecular analysis which could have confirmed this diagnosis, we believe that the description of the clinical evolution of these two cases from the moment of the incorrect diagnosis until the correct diagnosis and action taken, could be useful to highlight the extreme clinical variability of this rare disease.

KEYWORDS

Hyponatremia; Salt-Wasting Syndrome; Metabolic Acidosis; Aldosterone; Renin

Cite this paper

Pela, I. , Capirchio, L. , Menchini, C. , Anzilotti, G. and Seminara, S. (2013) Isolated aldosterone deficiency in two infants: Mistakes and dilemmas in the diagnosis and treatment of a rare disease. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 3, 391-396. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2013.34071.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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