Effective Photocatalytic Reduction of Cr(VI) by Carbon Modified (CM)-n-TiO2 Nanoparticles under Solar Irradiation


Photocatalytic reduction of toxic Cr(VI) was successfully achieved using carbon modified titanium oxide (CM-n-TiO2) nanoparticles under natural sunlight illumination. Modification of titanium oxide by carbon significantly enhanced the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) under natural sunlight irradiation. The effects of various experimental parameters such as catalyst dose, initial concentration of Cr(VI), and solution pH on the reduction rate of Cr(VI) were investigated. The highest reduction rate of Cr(VI) was obtained at the optimal conditions of pH 5 and 2.0 g·L?1 of CM-n-TiO2. Interestingly, in the presence of phenol, as a sacrificial electron donor, the rate of Cr(VI) reduction was nearly 1.7 times higher than in its absence. The solar photoreduction of Cr(VI) in aqueous solution using CM-n-TiO2 obeyed a pseudo-first order kinetics according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model.

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Y. Shaban, "Effective Photocatalytic Reduction of Cr(VI) by Carbon Modified (CM)-n-TiO2 Nanoparticles under Solar Irradiation," World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 154-160. doi: 10.4236/wjnse.2013.34018.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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