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Traumatic Splenic Injuries in Khartoum, Sudan

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2013.412102    3,160 Downloads   4,202 Views  

ABSTRACT

Background: Spleen injuries are most commonly associated with blunt abdominal trauma and represent a potentially life-threatening condition. Objectives: To study the pattern of splenic injuries of the patient, management instituted and its outcome at Khartoum. Patients and Methods: This is a prospective, analytic and hospital-based multicenteric study, conducted at the three main Teaching hospitals at Khartoum. The study was carried over a period from April 2012 to February 2013. It includes all patients, diagnosed as traumatic splenic injury. Excluded were patients with history of splenic disease, iatrogenic injury or spontaneous rupture. Results: The study included 47 patients: their mean age was 26.4 years (SD ± 14.5). Most of them 41 (87.2%) were in the first four decades of life. Males were predominant 41 (87.2%), with a male to female ratio of 6.8:1. The majority of our patients had blunt abdominal trauma 39 (83%), of whom, road traffic accident accounted for 51.1% and none reported cases of gunshot. Isolated splenic injury was found in 23 (48.9%), and Haemodynamic stability was seen in 27 (57.4%) on presentation. The initial haemoglobin assessment revealed <9 gram/dl in 53.2%. CT scan was performed to 24 (51.1%), of whom 66 patients were Grade I and II and none of our patients were diagnosed as Grade V. Blood transfusion was required in 42 (89.4%). Operative treatment was adopted in 66% (61.7% total splenectomy and 4.3% splenorrhaphy), while selective non-operative management was successful in 16 (34%) of the patients. Higher intra-operative grade of splenic injury was found to be significantly associated with blunt abdominal trauma, haemodynamic instability and associated intra-abdominal injuries. 44 patients (93.6%) were discharged home in a general good condition. The morbidity and mortality were seen in 8.5% and 6.4% respectively. Conclusion: Splenic injuries usually follow blunt abdominal trauma, particularly after road traffic accidents. It is common during the first four decades of life with males being frequently affected. The great success rate of adopting selective non-operative management is worthwhile.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

I. Ibrahim, A. Hamza and M. Ahmed, "Traumatic Splenic Injuries in Khartoum, Sudan," Surgical Science, Vol. 4 No. 12, 2013, pp. 525-529. doi: 10.4236/ss.2013.412102.

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