Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Thermal Power Plants in Cameroon: A Case Study in Dibamba Power Development Company


This paper centres on the estimation of carbon dioxide emissions in a Cameroon thermal power plant called Dibamba Power Development Company, in such a way that they can be included as part of Cameroon energy sector inventory or used by the Dibamba Power Development Company to monitor its policy and technology improvements for mitigating climate change. We have estimated the emissions using national emission factors for the consumption of liquid fossil fuels and simulated a mitigation of these emissions till 2018 using alternative fossil fuels and carbon neutral model. The results show that energy demand and carbon dioxide emissions in 2012 are estimated to be 48.964 ktoe and 164.39 kt CO2 respectively. National emission factors for electricity generation are estimated to be 660.63 g/kWh. From 2012 to 2018, the thermal power plant will emit into the atmosphere 1298.42 kt CO2. These results also show that the use of alternative fuels will reduce 59.22 kt CO2 per year for the same period while the use of the carbon neutral model will reduce a total amount of 8.08 kt CO2. Finally, the total quantity of CO2 emission reduced for the period 2012 to 2018 will be 489.91 kt CO2.

Share and Cite:

J. Tamba, F. Koffi, L. Monkam, S. Ngoh and S. Biobiongono, "Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Thermal Power Plants in Cameroon: A Case Study in Dibamba Power Development Company," Low Carbon Economy, Vol. 4 No. 4A, 2013, pp. 35-40. doi: 10.4236/lce.2013.44A004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] J. Gomes, J. Nascimento and H. Rodrigues, “Estimating Local Greenhouse Gas Emissions—A Case Study on a Portuguese Municipality,” International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2008, pp. 130-135.
[2] IPCC, “Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013.
[3] N. S. M. Safaii, Z. Z. Noor, H. Hashim, Z. Ujang and J. Talib, “Projection of CO2 Emissions in Malaysia,” Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 30, No. 4, 2011, pp. 658-665. 10.1002/ep.10512
[4] SIE-Cameroon, “Situation Energétique du Cameroun: Rapport 2011,” Ministère de L’eau et de L’énergie, Yaoundé, 2012.
[5] J. G. Tamba, D. Njomo and E. Tonye-Mbog, “Assessment of CO2 Emissions in the Petroleum Refining in Cameroon,” Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2011, pp. 455-466.
[6] J. G. Tamba, D. Njomo, J. L. Nsouandele, B. Bonoma and S. Bogning, “Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Cameroon’s Road Transport Sector,” Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 5, 2012, pp. 475-488.
[7] AES-Sonel, “Rapport D’activité 2011,” AES-Sonel, 2012.
[8] DPDC, “Manuel D’utilisation de la Centrale,” Wartsila, 2008.
[9] INS, “Annuaire Statistique du Cameroun,” Institut National de la Statistique, Paris, 2011.
[10] DPDC, “Rapport D’activité 2012,” Dibamba Power Development Company, Dibamba, 2013.
[11] G. Villalba and E. D. Gemechu, “Estimating GHG of Marine Port—The Case of Barcelona,” Energy Policy, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2011, pp. 1363-1368.
[12] J. N. Blignaut, M. R. Chitiga-Mabugu and R. M. Mabugu, “Constructing a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory Using Energy Balances: The Case of South Africa for 1998,” Journal of Energy in Southern Africa, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2005, pp. 21-32.
[13] M. Zhang, X. Liu, W. Wang and M. Zhou, “Decomposition Analysis of CO2 Emissions from Electricity Generation in China,” Energy Policy, Vol. 52, 2013, pp. 159-165. 2012.10.013
[14] R. Shabbir and S. S. Ahmed, “Monitoring Urban Transport Air Pollution and Energy Demand in Rawalpindi and Islamabad Using Leap Model,” Energy, Vol. 35, No. 5, 2010, pp. 2323-2332.
[15] Unit-Juggler, “Convertisseur Simple-Flexible et Gratuit“, 2013.
[16] IPCC, “2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Emissions,” 2006.
[17] C. Y. Chung and P. L. Chung, “Assessment of Carbon Dioxide Reduction Efficiency Using the Regional Carbon Neutral Model—A Case Study in University Campus Taiwan,” Low Carbon Economy, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2011, pp. 159-164.
[18] IPCC, “Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories,” 1996.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.