From Yang-Mills Photon in Curved Spacetime to Dark Energy Density


We start from quantum field theory in curved spacetime to derive a new Einstein-like energy mass relation of the type E=γmc2 where γ=1/22 is a Yang-Mills Lorentzian factor, m is the mass and c is the velocity of light. Although quantum field in curved spacetime is not a complete quantum gravity theory, our prediction here of 95.4545% dark energy missing in the cosmos is almost in complete agreement with the WMAP and supernova measurements. Finally, it is concluded that the WMAP and type 1a supernova 4.5% measured energy is the ordinary energy density of the quantum particle while the 95.5% missing dark energy is the energy density of the quantum wave. Recalling that measurement leads to quantum wave collapse, it follows that dark energy as given by E(D) = mc2 (21/22) cannot be detected using conventional direct measurement although its antigravity effect is manifested through the increasing rather than decreasing speed of cosmic expansion.

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M. Naschie, "From Yang-Mills Photon in Curved Spacetime to Dark Energy Density," Journal of Quantum Information Science, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 121-126. doi: 10.4236/jqis.2013.34016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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