Application of Soft Computing Methods in Predicting Evapotranspiration


Exact prediction of evapotranspiration is necessary for study, design and management of irrigation systems. In this research, the suitability of soft computing approaches namely, fuzzy rule base, fuzzy regression and artificial neural networks for estimation of daily evapotranspiration has been examined and the results are compared to real data measured by lysimeter on the basis of reference crop (grass). Using daily climatic data from Haji Abad station in Hormozgan, west of Iran, including maximum and minimum temperatures, maximum and minimum relative humidities, wind speed and sunny hours, evapotranspiration was predicted by soft computing methods. The predicted evapotranspiration values from fuzzy rule base, fuzzy linear regression and artificial neural networks show root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.75, 0.79 and 0.81 mm/day and coefficient of determination of (R2) of 0.90, 0.87 and 0.85, respectively. Therefore, fuzzy rule base approach was found to be the most appropriate method employed for estimating evapotranspiration.

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A. Honarbakhsh, M. Dashtpagerdi and H. Vagharfard, "Application of Soft Computing Methods in Predicting Evapotranspiration," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 7, 2013, pp. 397-403. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.37045.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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