Pathological fractures of the mandible: A report of ten cases and a review of the literature

DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2013.38070   PDF   HTML     4,683 Downloads   6,448 Views   Citations

Abstract

Introduction: Pathological fractures of the mandible are rare. They account for approximately 2% of all mandibular fractures. The main purpose of the study is to report our experience concerning this condition and to analyse data and review the literature available. Material and methods: This study reviewed retrospectively the records of patients who presented to the department of Plastic and Maxillofacial surgery between 2000 and 2008 with a pathological fracture of the mandible. The collected data included age, sex, mechanism of injury, aetiology, anatomic site of fracture, treatment and complications. Results: There were 10 patients with an average age of 48 years and 10 months. There were three cases of fracture due to a local malignancy, two cases of osteoradionecrosis, two cases of mandibular cysts, one patient presenting a mandibular histiocytosis, one patient with a metastatic carcinoma (Thyroid), and one case related to mandibular atrophy. Most common mechanisms of injury were chewing and falls. Pathological fractures were often located in the body of the mandible. A surgical approach was performed in most cases. Conclusion: Surgical management of pathological fractures of the mandible depends largely on the aetiology. Complications occur more often because of local condition and bad oral hygiene.

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Abir, B. , Guerrouani, A. and Abouchadi, A. (2013) Pathological fractures of the mandible: A report of ten cases and a review of the literature. Open Journal of Stomatology, 3, 419-424. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2013.38070.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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