if (document.cookie != null && document.cookie != '') { // var cookies = document.cookie.split(';'); //将获得的所有cookie切割成数组 // for (var i = 0; i < cookies.length; i++) { // var cookie = cookies[i]; //得到某下标的cookies数组 // if (cookie.substring(0, cookieName.length + 2).trim() == cookieName.trim() + "=") {//如果存在该cookie的话就将cookie的值拿出来 // cookieValue = cookie.substring(cookieName.length + 2, cookie.length); // break // } // } // } // if (cookieValue != "" && cookieValue != null) {//如果存在指定的cookie值 // return false; // } // else { // // return true; // } // } // function ShowTwo(webUrl){ // alert("22"); // $.funkyUI({url:webUrl,css:{width:"600",height:"500"}}); // } //window.onload = pdfdownloadjudge;
WJCMP> Vol.3 No.4, November 2013
Share This Article:
Cite This Paper >>

Anisotropic Magnetocaloric Effect and Magnetic Order in Antiferromagnetic Gd2InGe2

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:634KB) PP. 180-183
DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2013.34029    3,746 Downloads   5,891 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment
A. L. Lima Sharma, A. M. Gomes, P. A. Sharma


Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, USA.


We investigated the transport, thermal and magnetic properties of antiferromagnetic (TN = 45 K) Gd2InGe2. Magnetization measurements under applied magnetic field, oriented along different crystallographic directions, were used to extract the anisotropic magnetocaloric effect. We also measured magnetization under pulsed field up to 45 T. From the analysis of the electrical transport and magnetization, conduction band electrons were weakly coupled to Gd f-electron local moments. Differential scanning calorimeter data confirmed a second order phase of the antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition. The anisotropic magnetocaloric effect points to a model of magnetic ordering whereby Gd local moments couple ferromagnetically and antiferromagnetically perpendicular and parallel, respectively, to the c-axis.


Intermetallic Compounds; Flux Growth; Magnetocaloric Effect; Anisotropy

Cite this paper

Lima Sharma, A. , Gomes, A. and Sharma, P. (2013) Anisotropic Magnetocaloric Effect and Magnetic Order in Antiferromagnetic Gd2InGe2. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, 3, 180-183. doi: 10.4236/wjcmp.2013.34029.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] V. K. Pecharsky and K. A. Gschneidner Jr., “Tunable Magnetic Regenerator Alloys with a Giant Magnetocaloric Effect for Magnetic Refrigeration from ~20 to ~290 K,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 70, No. 24, 1997, pp. 3299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.119206
[2] V. K. Pecharsky, A. P. Holm, K. A. Gschneidner Jr. and R. Rink, “Massive Magnetic-Field-Induced Structural Transformation in Gd5Ge4 and the Nature of the Giant Magnetocaloric Effect,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 91 No. 19, 2003, Article ID: 197204.
[3] E. M. Levin, V. K. Pecharsky, K. A. Gschneidner Jr. and G. J. Miller, “Spontaneous Generation of Voltage in Gd5(SixGe4-x) during a First-Order Phase Transition Induced by Temperature or Magnetic Field,” Physical Review B, Vol. 64, 2001, Article ID: 144406.
[4] E. M. Levin, K. A. Gschneidner Jr. and V. K. Pecharsky, “Magnetic-Field and Temperature Dependencies of the Electrical Resistance near the Magnetic and Crystallographic First-Order Phase Transition of Gd5(Si2Ge2),” Physical Review B, Vol. 60, No. 11, 1999, pp. 7993-7997.
[5] Z. W. Ouyang, V. K. Pecharsky, K. A. Gschneidner Jr., D. L. Schlagel and T. A. Lagrasso, “Magnetic Anisotropy and Magnetic Phase Diagram of Gd5Ge4,” Physical Review B, Vol. 74, No. 2, 2006, Article ID: 024401.
[6] P. H. Tobash, D. Lins, S. Bobev, A. L. Lima, M. F. Hundley, J. D. Thompson and J. L. Sarrao, “Crystal Growth, Structural and Magnetic Property Studies on a Family of Ternary Rare Earth Phases RE2InGe2 (RE = Sm, Gd, Dy, Ho, Yb),” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 17, No. 22, 2005, pp. 5567-5573.
[7] P. A. Goddard, J. Singleton, A. L. Lima Sharma, E. Morosan, S. J. Blundell, S. L. Bud’ko and P. C. Canfield, “Separation of Energy Scales in the Kagome Antiferromagnet TmAgGe: A Magnetic-Field Orientation Study up to 55 T,” Physical Review B, Vol. 75, No. 9, 2007, Article ID: 094426.
[8] A. L. Lima Sharma and A. M. Gomes, “Experimental Investigations of the Entanglement in the Magnetization of Layered CaMn2Sb2 Compound,” Europhysics Letters, Vol. 84, No. 6, 2008, Article ID: 60003.
[9] A. L. Lima Sharma, S. Bobev and J. L. Sarrao, “Oscillatory Behavior of Magnetocaloric Effect of RE2Al3Si2 and CeAlSi,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 312, No. 2, 2007, pp. 400-404.
[10] J. M. Ziman, “Principles of the Theory of the Solids,” Cambridge University Press, London, 1964.
[11] E. Z. Valiev, “Entropy and Magnetocaloric Effect in Ferromagnets and Antiferromagnets,” Physics of Metals and Metallography, Vol. 104, No. 1, 2007, pp. 8-12.
[12] C. G. Garrett, “The Critical Field Curve in an Antiferromagnetic Crystal,” Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 19, No. 9, 1951, p. 1154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1748495

comments powered by Disqus
WJCMP Subscription
E-Mail Alert
WJCMP Most popular papers
Publication Ethics & OA Statement
Frequently Asked Questions
Recommend to Peers
Recommend to Library
Contact Us

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.