Hans A. Panofsky’s Integral Similarity Function—At Fifty


Fifty years ago, Hans A. Panofsky published a paper entitled Determination of stress from wind and temperature measurements. In his famous paper, he presented a new profile function for the mean horizontal wind speed under the condition of diabatic stratification that includes his integral similarity function. With his integral similarity function, he opened the door for Monin-Obukhov scaling in a wide range of micrometeorological and microclimatological applications. In a historic survey ranging from the sixties of the past century down to the present days, we present integral similarity functions for momentum, sensible heat, and water vapor for both unstable and stable stratification, where on the one hand free convection condition and on the other hand strongly stable stratification are addressed.

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G. Kramm, D. Amaya, T. Foken and N. Mölders, "Hans A. Panofsky’s Integral Similarity Function—At Fifty," Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 581-594. doi: 10.4236/acs.2013.34061.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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