Share This Article:

Space Technology for Decarbonising City Precincts

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:58KB) PP. 446-451
DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2013.55042    4,086 Downloads   5,437 Views  
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

Space technology is a powerful tool for climate research. Satellite data improve knowledge of the human impact on the Planet’s physical geography. Similarly, remote sensing technology enhances understanding of the human impact on rising global carbon emissions. However, so far satellites have been principally limited to measuring the carbon emissions of cities from space. Standing alone, satellite technology is incapable of advancing the goal of decarbonisation. This will be achieved only if cities create local methodologies that significantly enhance the carbon reduction process. There exists enormous potential to bridge remote sensing for earth observation and global environmental change with local action towards decarbonised urban renewal and redevelopment. Satellite remote sensing has the ability to demonstrate if local remedial strategies are succeeding, and assist with planning, developing, and monitoring low and zero carbon infrastructure systems. Satellite-derived data can facilitate informed discussion and decision-making between community stakeholders to deliver low carbon outcomes at the precinct scale. Satellite-based systems can be integrated within the urban fabric to assist climate change mitigation. This paper is based on current work implemented jointly with municipalities to ascertain where within city precincts carbon emissions originate and how they can ultimately be reduced. It presents space technology as an instrumental tool for understanding the carbon impact of citiesin terms of the carbon intensive patterns and processes that shape human society, as well as having great potential for providing end-user products to communities to enhance the process of decarbonising city precincts.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Bunning, "Space Technology for Decarbonising City Precincts," Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol. 5 No. 5, 2013, pp. 446-451. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2013.55042.

References

[1] UN-HABITAT, “State of the World’s Cities 2008/9— Harmonious Cities,” Earthscan, London, 2008.
[2] E. Von Weizsacker, K. Hargroves, M.Smith, C. Desha and P. Stasinopoulos, “Factor Five: Transforming the Global Economy through 80% Improvements in Resource Productivity,” Earthscan, London, 2009.
[3] C. Beattie, J. Bunning, J. Stewart, P. Newman and M. Anda, “Measuring Carbon for Urban Development Planning,” The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2012, pp. 35-52.
[4] V. Rauland and P. Newman, “Decarbonising Australian Cities: A New Model for Creating Low Carbon, Resilient Cities,” Proceedings of the 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, MSSANZ, Perth, 12-16 December 2011, pp. 3073-3079.
[5] J. Bunning, C. Beattie, V. Rauland and P. Newman, “Low-Carbon Sustainable Precincts: An Australian Perspective,” Sustainability, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2013, pp. 2305-2326.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su5062305
[6] A. Gore, “Our Choice—A Plan To Solve the Climate Cri-sis,” Rodale Press, New York, 2009.
[7] S. Dhakal, “GHG Emissions from Urbanisation and Opportunities for Urban Carbon Mitigation,” Sustainability, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2010, pp. 277-283.
[8] D. Satterthwaite, “Environmental Governance: A Comparative Analysis of Nine City Case Studies,” Journal of International Development, Vol. 13, No. 7, 2010, pp. 1009-1014.
[9] C. Elvidge, M. Imhoff, K. Baugh, V. Hobson, I. Nelson, J. Safran, J. Dietz and B. Tuttle, “Night-time Lights of the World: 1994-1995,” ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vol. 56, No. 2, 2001, pp. 81-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0924-2716(01)00040-5
[10] C. Frankenberg, J. Meirink, M. Weele, U. Platt and T. Wagner, “Assessing Methane Emissions from Global Space-Borne Observations,” Science, Vol. 308, No. 5724, 2005, pp. 1010-1014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1106644
[11] Y. Liu, Y. DongXu and Z. Cai, “A Retrieval Algorithm for TanSat XCO2 Observation: Retrieval Experiments Using GOSAT Data,” Chinese Science Bulletin, Vol. 58, No. 13, 2013, pp. 1520-1523. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11434-013-5680-y
[12] R. Duren and C. Miller, “Measuring the Carbon Emissions of Megacities,” Nature Climate Change, Vol. 2, No. 8, 2012, pp. 560-562. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1629
[13] H. Ren and W. Gao, “A MLP Model for Integrated Plan and Evaluation of Distributed Energy Systems,” Applied Energy, Vol. 87, No. 3, 2010, pp. 1001-1014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.
09.023
[14] CSIRO, “Intelligent Grid: A Value Proposition for Wide-Scale Distributed Energy Solutions in Australia,” Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Newcastle, 2009.
[15] P. Newman and J. Kenworthy, “Sustainability and Cities,” Island Press, Washington DC, 1999.
[16] T. Tanner, T. Mitchell, E. Polack and B. Guenther, “Special Issue: Urban Governance for Adaptation: Assessing Climate Change Resilience in Ten Asian Cities,” Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton, 2009, pp. 1-47.
[17] A. Duit, V. Galaz, K. Eckerberg and J. Ebbesson, “Governance, Complexity, and Resilience,” Global Environmental Change, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2010, pp. 363-368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.
2010.04.006
[18] A. Jones, “Chief Development Officer. Energy and Climate Change. City of Sydney. Interview by Jessica Bunning,” Tape Recording, Perth, Australia, 16 August, 2012.
[19] P. Newton, K. Hampson and R. Drogemuller, “Technology, Design and Process Innovation in the Built Environment,” Taylor & Francis, Abingdon, 2009.
[20] P. Newton, S. Murray, R. Wakefield, C. Murphy, L. Khor and T. Morgan, “Towards a New Development Model for Housing Regeneration in Greyfield Residential Precincts,” Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute, Melbourne, 2011.
[21] P. Newton, P.Newman, S. Glackin and R. Trubka, “Greening the Greyfields: Unlocking the Redevelopment Potential of the Middle Suburbs in Australian Cities,” World Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 71, 2012, pp. 138-157.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.