Facile, Green Synthesis of Large Single Crystal Copper Micro and Nanoparticles with Ascorbic Acid and Gum Arabic

DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.35043   PDF   HTML     4,986 Downloads   8,966 Views   Citations


Large single crystal colloidal copper particles with diameters between 0.5 - 2 μm were created using a green synthesis process. The process used ascorbic acid to reduce Schweizer’s reagent created in situ using copper salts in the presence of various concentrations of gum arabic. The Schweizer’s reagents were created by varying the concentrations of ammonium hydroxide and copper nitrate solutions, copper hydroxide, or copper sulfate. The pH of the solution was controlled by the addition of ascorbic acid. Particle formation was favored at high temperature using copper sulfate at pH values ranging from 7.5 to 9, while the optimal formation occurred at a pH value of 8.5. At high concentrations, copper particle formation was found to occur from the aggregation of smaller particles which continued to nucleate once aggregated, and this resulted in the creation of globular particles and large aggregates of micron-sized particles. The addition of gum arabic resulted in the creation of large single crystal particles that did not aggregate. SEM was used to observe the effect of increasing gum arabic concentrations and EDX was used to confirm the elemental purity of the particles.

Share and Cite:

P. Landon, A. Mo, C. Ramos, J. Gutierrez and R. Lal, "Facile, Green Synthesis of Large Single Crystal Copper Micro and Nanoparticles with Ascorbic Acid and Gum Arabic," Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 5, 2013, pp. 332-336. doi: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.35043.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] N. A. Dhas, C. P. Raj and A. Gedanken, “Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Metallic Copper Nanoparticles,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 10, No. 5, 1998, pp. 1446-1452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm9708269
[2] H. Ching-Yen, T. Yu-Hsiang and S. Feng-Ming, “Thermal Transport in the Copper Powders with Nanometer and Micrometer Particles,” Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 126-128, 2010, pp. 952-956956. http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.126-128.952
[3] K. P. Rice, E. J. Walker, M. P. Stoykovich and A. E. Saunders, “Solvent-Dependent Surface Plasmon Response and Oxidation of Copper Nanocrystals,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 115, No. 5, 2011, pp. 1793-1799. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp110483z
[4] T. Tsing-Tshih, C. Ho, C. Liang-Chia, H. Lee-Long, L. Chih-Hung and L. Ming-Kun, “Development of Pressure Control Technique of an Arc-Submerged Nanoparticle Synthesis System (ASNSS) for Copper Nanoparticle Fabrication” Materials Transactions, Vol. 44, No. 6, 2003, pp. 1138-1142. http://dx.doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.44.1138
[5] S. Noël, J. Hermann and T. Itina, “Investigation of Nanoparticle Generation during Femtosecond Laser Ablation of Metals,” Applied Surface Science, Vol. 253, No. 15, 2007, pp. 6310-6315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2007.01.081
[6] M. Biçer and I. Sisman, “Controlled Synthesis of Copper Nano/Microstructures Using Ascorbic Acid in Aqueous CTAB Solution,” Powder Technology, Vol. 198, No. 2, 2010, pp. 279-284284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2009.11.022
[7] M. Blosi, S. Albonetti, M. Dondi, C. Martelli and G. Baldi, “Microwave-Assisted Polyol Synthesis of Cu Nanoparticles,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2011, pp. 127-138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11051-010-0010-7
[8] D. Ensign, M. Young and T. Douglas, “Photocatalytic Synthesis of Copper Colloids from Cu(II) by the Ferrihydrite Core of Ferritin,” Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 43, No. 11, 2004, pp. 3441-3446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic035415a
[9] D. Mott, J. Galkowski, L. Wang, J. Luo and C.-J. Zhong, “Synthesis of Size-Controlled and Shaped Copper Nanoparticles,” Langmuir, Vol. 23, No. 10, 2007, pp. 5740-5745. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la0635092
[10] A. G. Nasibulin, P. P. Ahonen, O. Richard, E. I. Kauppinen and I. S. Altman, “Copper and Copper Oxide Nanoparticle Formation by Chemical Vapor Nucleation from Copper (II) Acetylacetonate,” Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 3, No. 5-6, 2001, pp. 385-400.
[11] W. Songping, “Preparation of Fine Copper Powder Using Ascorbic Acid as Reducing Agent and Its Application in MLCC,” Materials Letters, Vol. 61, No. 4-5, 2007, pp. 1125-1129. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2006.06.068
[12] S.-H. Wu and D.-H. Chen, “Synthesis of High-Concentration Cu Nanoparticles in Aqueous CTAB Solutions,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 273, No. 1, 2004, pp. 165-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.01.071
[13] J. G. Brandon C. Jarvis, G. Ussery, J. K. Schaefers, T. E. Renfro, R. Glosser and P. B. Landon, “Synthesis and Optical Properties of Micron Sized Metallic Colloidal Copper and Self Assembled Opals Composed of Micron Sized Metallic Silver Spheres,” SPIE Conference—Optical Materials and Structures Technologies, San Diego, July 2005.
[14] P. B. Landon, “Nano-Engineering of Colloidal Particles, Synthetic Biomimetic Blood Cells, Synthetic Opals, Photonic Crystals and the Physics of Self-Assembling Nanostructures,” PhD Thesis, University of Texas, Dallas, UMI Publishers, 2005.
[15] C. C. Wu and D. H. Chen, “Facile Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles with Gum Arabic as a Stabilizing Agent and Reducing Agent,” Gold Bulletin, Vol. 43, No. 4, 2010, pp. 234-240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03214993
[16] K. P. Velikov, G. E. Zegers and A. van Blaaderen, “Synthesis and Characterization of Large Colloidal Silver Particles,” Langmuir, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2003, pp. 1384-1389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la026610p
[17] I. L. Batalha, A. Hussain and A. C. A. Roque, “Gum Arabic Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles with Affinity Ligands Specific for Antibodies,” Journal of Molecular Recognition, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2010, pp. 462-471. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmr.1013

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.