Influence of Angle Ply Orientation on Tensile Properties of Carbon/Glass Hybrid Composite

DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2013.15036   PDF   HTML     8,304 Downloads   9,956 Views   Citations


Hybrid composites are considered materials of great potential for engineering applications. One advantage of hybrid composite materials for the designer is that the properties of a composite can be controlled to a considerable extent by the choice of fibers and matrix and by adjusting the orientation of the fiber. The scope for this tailoring of the properties of the material is much greater, however, when different kinds of fiber orientations are incorporated in the same resin matrix. For the study of potential of these materials, in this work specimens were prepared with different angle ply ori entation of carbon/glass hybrid with epoxy resin as an adhesive. Three orientations viz 0°/90°, 45°/45° and 30°/60° were considered for studies. Mechanical properties such as tensile strength, tensile modulus, & peak load of the hybrid com posites were determined as per ASTM standards. Vacuum bagging technique was adopted for the fabrication of hybrid specimens. It was observed that angle ply orientation at 0°/90° showed significant increase in tensile properties as compared to other orientation. Scanning electron micrographs of fractured surfaces were used for a qualitative evaluation of interfacial properties of woven carbon-glass hybrid composites. These results indicated that carbon-glass hybrid composites offered the merits of synthetic fibers.

Share and Cite:

M. GuruRaja and A. HariRao, "Influence of Angle Ply Orientation on Tensile Properties of Carbon/Glass Hybrid Composite," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 1 No. 5, 2013, pp. 231-235. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2013.15036.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. R. Swanson, “Introduction to Design and Analysis with Advanced Composite Materials,” Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1997.
[2] X. Yong, “Gan Effect of Interface on Mechanical Properties of Advanced Composite Materials,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 3390, 2009, pp. 5115-5134.
[3] R. Marissen, “Flight Simulation Behavior of Aramid Reinforced Aluminum Laminates,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1984, pp. 261-277. doi:10.1016/0013-7944(84)90021-3
[4] Tensile Properties and Fatigue Characteristics of Hybrid Composites with Non-Woven Carbon Tissue,” International Journal of Fatigue, Vol. 207, No. 4, pp. 397-405.
[5] ASM Data Hand Book, 195.
[6] G. Kretsis, “A Review of the Tensile, Compressive, Flexural and Shear Properties of Hybrid Fibre Reinforced Plastics,” Composites, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1987, pp. 13-23.
[7] J. Harding and L. M. Welsh, “A Tensile Testing Technique for Fibre-Reinforced Composites at Impact Rates of Strain,” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1983, pp. 1810-1826.
[8] J. Cho, J. Y. Chen and I. M. Daniel, “Mechanical Enhancement of Carbon Fiber/Epoxy Composites by Graphite Nano Platelet Reinforcement,” Scripta Materialia, Vol. 56, No. 8, 2007, pp. 685-688.
[9] Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials, ASTM D 3039-95.
[10] P. K. Mallick, “Fibres Reinforced Composites-Materials, Manufacturing and Design,” 2nd Edition, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 1993, pp. 243-244.
[11] Emiliasabau et al., “Mechanical Characterics of Composite Materials Obtained by Different Technologies,” Academic Journal of manufacturing Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2011, pp. 100-105.
[12] S. Jayabal et al., “Effect of Glass Hybridization and Staking Sequence on Mechanical Behaviour of Interply Coir-Glass Hybrid Laminate,” Bulletin of Material Science, Vol. 34, No. 2, 2011, pp. 293-298. doi:10.1007/s12034-011-0081-9

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.