Case Presentation of Preureteral Vena Cava and Review of the Literature


Retrocaval ureter, terms are anatomically descriptive but misleading in regard to development and results from altered vascular development. This anomaly is relatively uncommon, although it has clinical relevance. The ureter typically deviates medially behind the inferior vena cava, winding about and crossing in front of it from a medial to a lateral direction, to resume a normal course, distally, to the bladder. The renal pelvis and upper ureter typically appear elongated and dilated in a “J” or fishhook shape before passing behind the vena cava. Diagnoses were confirmed with intravenous urography and patient had an open surgical repair of the anomaly. The anomaly predominantly involves the right ureter, as was observed in these reported cases. Treatment is surgical allowing for correction of the anomaly with resolution of symptoms

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N. Hyseni, S. Llullaku, M. Berisha, A. Shefkiu, S. Grajqevci, H. Jashari, D. koqinaj, F. Hyseni, I. Bytyci and F. Muqolli, "Case Presentation of Preureteral Vena Cava and Review of the Literature," Open Journal of Urology, Vol. 3 No. 5, 2013, pp. 206-209. doi: 10.4236/oju.2013.35038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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