Glyphosate-Resistant Giant Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida L.): 2,4-D Dose Response and Control with Postemergence Herbicides in Soybean

Abstract

Glyphosate resistant giant ragweed is an increasing problem in glyphosate resistant cropping systems in southwestern Ontario. The postemergence herbicides registered for use in soybean in Ontario do not provide consistent control of glyphosate resistant giant ragweed. There is limited research on the lowest effective rate of 2,4-D for the control of glyphosate resistant giant ragweed. Consequently, the objectives of this study were a) to determine the efficacy of herbicides applied postemergence for the control of glyphosate resistant giant ragweed in glyphosate resistant soybean, and b) to determine the lowest effective rate of 2,4-D for the control of glyphosate-resistant giant ragweed. Ten postemergence herbicide combinations and seven rates of 2,4-D were evaluated in field studies conducted in 2011 and 2012 at six locations confirmed with glyphosate-resistant giant ragweed. The post emergence herbicides evaluated did not provide acceptable/consistent control. Of the herbicides evaluated, glyphosate plus cloransulam-methyl provided 26% to 70% control 8 WAA of glyphosate resistant giant ragweed, which was the best of the herbicides combinations evaluated. The doses of 2,4-D required to reduce giant ragweed shoot dry weight by 50, 80 and 95% were 142, 310 and 1048 g a.e. ha-1, respectively.

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J. Follings, N. Soltani, D. Robinson, F. Tardif, M. Lawton and P. Sikkema, "Glyphosate-Resistant Giant Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida L.): 2,4-D Dose Response and Control with Postemergence Herbicides in Soybean," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 9, 2013, pp. 1790-1798. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.49220.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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