Share This Article:

A Review of Air Pollution and Control in Hebei Province, China

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:778KB) PP. 47-55
DOI: 10.4236/ojap.2013.23007    9,639 Downloads   20,857 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Hebei is one of the most air polluted provinces in China. According to the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) for the severe fog-haze month of Jan. 2013, seven of the top ten most polluted cities in China are located in Hebei Province. In this study, the air pollution history and status of the Hebei Province are reviewed and discussed, using the governmental published Air Pollution Index (API), the academic observations by various scientific research groups and the long-term statistics of visibility and haze frequencies. It is found that within the Hebei Province, the air pollution in the southern cities is much more severe than the northern cities. Particulate matter (PM) is undoubtedly the major air pollutant, sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) pollutions are also unnegligible. Ozone (O3) pollution in larger cities, such as Shijiazhuang, is significant. Air pollution control history from 1998 is discussed as well. Although Hebei Province has made a great effort on air quality, the pollutant emissions, such as SO2 and fly ash, showed a notable increase in 2001 to 2006. However, after 2006 the emissions started to decrease due to the strict implementation of the national 11th Five Year Plan (FYP). In addition, regional jointly air pollution control and prevention strategies are expected in the future to substantially change the severe air pollution status in Hebei Province.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Wang, J. Yang, P. Zhang, X. Zhao, Z. Wei, F. Zhang, J. Su and C. Meng, "A Review of Air Pollution and Control in Hebei Province, China," Open Journal of Air Pollution, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2013, pp. 47-55. doi: 10.4236/ojap.2013.23007.

References

[1] MEP, “China National Ambient Air Quality Standards,” GB3095-2012, MEP, Beijing, 2012.
[2] NBS (Natural Bureau of Statistics), “China Statistical Yearbook 2012,” China Statistical Press, Beijing, 2012.
[3] NBS (Natural Bureau of Statistics), “China Energy Statistical Yearbook 2012,” China Statistical Press, Beijing, 2012.
[4] Q. Zhang, D. G. Streets, G. R. Carmichael, K. B. He, H. Huo, A. Kannari, Z. Klimont, I. S. Park, S. Reddy, J. S. Fu, D. Chen, L. Duan, Y. Lei, L. T. Wang and Z. L. Yao. “Asian Emissions in 2006 for the NASA INTEX-B Mission,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, 2009, pp. 5131-5153. doi:10.5194/acp-9-5131-2009
[5] L. T. Wang, P. Zhang, S. B. Tan, X. J. Zhao, D. D. Cheng, W. Wei, J. Su and X. M. Pan, “Assessment of Urban Air Quality in China Using Air Pollution Indices (APIs),” Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, Vol. 63, No. 2, 2013, pp. 170-178. doi:10.1080/10962247.2012.739583
[6] State Environmental Protection Agency of China, “China National Ambient Air Quality Standard (in Chinese),” GB3095-1996, State Environmental Protection Agency of China, Beijing, 1996.
[7] State Environmental Protection Agency of China, “China National Ambient Air Quality Standard (in Chinese),” GB3095-2012, State Environmental Protection Agency of China, Beijing, 2012.
[8] State Environmental Protection Agency of China, “Technical Regulations on Ambient Air Quality Index (in Chinese),” HJ633-2012, State Environmental Protection Agency of China, Beijing, 2012.
[9] D. S. Ji, Y. S. Wang, L. L. Wang, L. F. Chen, B. Hu, G. Q. Tang, J. Y. Xin, T. Song , T. X. Wen, Y. Sun, Y. P. Pan and Z. R. Liu, “Analysis of Heavy Pollution Episodes in Selected Cities of Northern China,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 50, 2012, pp. 338-348. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.11.053
[10] T. X. Wen, Y. S. Wang, H. H. Xu, Z. Q. Ma and S. D. Ji. “Comparison of the Characteristics of Ambient Pollutant s in Urban and Background Region in Beijing during August and September (in Chinese),” Research of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2007, pp. 7-11.
[11] Y. P. Pan, Y. S. Wang, B. Hu, Q. Liu, Y. H. Wang and W. D. Nan, “Observation on Atmospheric Pollution in Xianghe During Beijing 2008 Olympic Games (in Chinese),” Environmental Science, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2010, pp. 1-9.
[12] X. Y. Wang, J. Y. Xin, Y. S. Wang, X. X. Feng and Y. P. Zhang, “Observation and Analysis of Air Pollution in Tangshan During Summer and Autumn Time,” Environmental Science, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2010, pp. 877-885.
[13] Y. Wu, “The Network Observation and Research on the Atmospheric Pollutants in Beijing, Zhuozhou, Baoding and Shijiazhuang,” Master’s Thesis, Nanjing University of Information Science &Technology, 2011.
[14] W. P. Du, Y. S. Wang, T. Song, J. Y. Xin, Y. S. Cheng and D. S. Ji, “Characteristics of Atmospheric Pollutants during the Period of Summer and Autumn in Shijiazhuang,” Environmental Science, Vol. 31, No. 7, 2010, pp. 1-8.
[15] P. Zhang, S. B. Tan, L. T. Wang, X. J. Zhao, J. Su, F. F. Zhang, Z. Wei, W. Wei and D. D. Cheng. “Characteristics of Atmospheric Particulate Matter Pollution in Handan City,” Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, (in Press).
[16] S. Z. Liu, X. Q. Li, S. Tao, Z. F. Tian, J. F. Wang and Y. Gao, “PAHs in the Atmosphere from the Area of Hebei, Beijing, and Tianjin during the Non-Heating Season,” Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, Vol. 28, No. 10, 2008, pp. 2105-2110. (in Chinese)
[17] H. Z. Che, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. J. Zhou, J. J. Qu and X. J. Hao, “Haze Trends over the Capital Cities of 31 Provinces in China, 1981-2005,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 97, No. 3-4, 2009, pp. 235-242. doi:10.1007/s00704-008-0059-8
[18] L. T. Wang, J. Xu, J. Yang, X. J. Zhao, W. Wei, D. D. Cheng, X. M. Pan and J. Su, “Understanding Haze Pollution over the Southern Hebei Area of China Using the CMAQ Model,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 56, 2012, pp. 69-79. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.04.013
[19] P. S. Zhao, X. L Zhang, X. F. Xu and X. J. Zhao, “Long-Term Visibility Trends and Characteristics in the Region of Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, China,” Atmospheric Research, Vol. 101, No. 3, 2011, pp. 711-718,. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.04.019
[20] D. Wu, X. J. Wu, F. Li, H. B. Tan, J. Chen, Z. Q. Cao, X. Sun, H. H. Chen, H. Y. Chen, “Temporal and spatial variation of haze during 1951-2005 in Chinese mainland (in Chinese),” Meteorologica Sinica, Vol. 68, 2010, pp. 680-688.
[21] HBEPB, “Report on the Environmental State in Hebei Province, 1998-2010,” 2013. http://www.hb12369.net:8000/hjzlzkgb/
[22] L. T. Wang, C. Jang, Y. Zhang, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Streets, J. Fu, Y. Lei, J. Schreifels, K. B. He, J. M. Hao, Y. F. Lam, J. Lin, N. Meskhidze, S. Voorhees, D. Evarts and S. Phillips, “Assessment of air Quality Benefits from National Air Pollution Control Policies in China. Part I: Background, Emission Scenarios and Evaluation of Meteorological Predictions,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 44, No. 28, 2010, pp. 3442-3448. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.05.051
[23] W. B. Xue, J. N. Wang, H. Niu, J. T. Yang, B. P. Han, Y. Lei, H. L. Chen and C. L. Jiang, “Assessment of Air Quality Improvement Effect under the National Total Emission Control Program during the Twelfth National Five-Year Plan in China,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 68, No., 2013, pp. 74-81. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.11.053
[24] L. T. Wang, C. Jang, Y. Zhang, K. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Streets, J. Fu, Y. Lei, J. Schreifels, K. B. He, J. M. Hao, Y. F. Lam, J. Lin, N. Meskhidze, S. Voorhees, D. Evarts and S. Phillips, “Assessment of Air Quality Benefits from National Air Pollution Control Policies in China. Part II: Evaluation of Air Quality Predictions and Air Quality Benefits Assessment,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 44, No. 28, 2010, pp. 3449-3457. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.05.058

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.