ial Diversity and Heterogeneity in Sandy Subsurface Soils,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2004, pp. 1723-1734. doi:10.1128/AEM.70.3.1723-1734.2004 [29] T. A. Johnson, G. K. Sims, T. R. Ellsworth and A. M. Balance, “Effects of Moisture and Sorption on Biodegradation of p-Hydroxybenzoic Acid by Arthrobacter sp.,” Microbiological Research, Vol. 153, No. 4, 1998, pp. 349-353. doi:10.1016/S0944-5013(99)80049-4 [30] D. R. Shelton and T. B. Parkin, “Effect of Moisture on Sorption and Biodegradation of Carbofuran in Soil,” Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, Vol. 39, No. 11, 1991, pp. 2063-2068. doi:10.1021/jf00011a036 [31] M. Mojasevic, C. S. Helling, T. J. Gish and M. A. Doherty, “Persistence of Seven Pesticides as Influenced by Soil Moisture,” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Vol. 31, No. 3, 1996, pp. 469-476. doi:10.1080/03601239609373009 [32] R. F. Harris, “Effect of Water Potential on Microbial Growth and Activity,” In: D. M. Kral, et al., Eds., Water Potential Relations in Soil Microbiology, Vol. 9, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 1981, pp. 23-95. [33] P. Baveye and C. W. Boast, “Physical Scales and Spatial Predictability of Transport Processes in the Environment,” Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 108, pp. 261-280. [34] R. P. Schwarzenbach, P. M. Gschwend and D. M. Imboden, “Environmental Organic Chemistry,” John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1993. [35] A. M. Cupples, G. K. Sims, R. P. Hultgren and S. E. Hart, “Effect of Soil Conditions on the Degradation of Cloransulam-Methyl,” Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2000, pp. 786-794. doi:10.2134/jeq2000.00472425002900030014x [36] S. F. Simoni, A. Schafer, H. Harms and A. J. B. Zehnder, “Factors Affecting Mass Transfer Limited Biodegradation in Saturated Porous Media,” Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Vol. 50, No. 1-2, 2001, pp. 99-120. doi:10.1016/S0169-7722(01)00099-7 [37] L. Y. Wick, T. Colangelo and H. Harms, “Kinetics of Mass Transfer-Limited Bacterial Growth on Solid PAH’s,” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2001, pp. 354-361. doi:10.1021/es001384w [38] G. K. Sims, “Using the Berthelot Method for Nitrite and Nitrate Analysis,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2006, p. 1038. doi:10.2136/sssaj2005.0408l [39] R. Mandelbaum, D. Allan and L. Wackett, “Isolation and Characterization of a Pseudomonas sp. That Mineralizes the s-Triazine Herbicide Atrazine,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 61, No. 4, 1995, pp. 1451-1457. [40] F. Bichat, G. K. Sims and R. L. Mulvaney, “Microbial Utilization of Heterocyclic Nitrogen from Atrazine,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 63, No. 1, 1999, pp. 100-110. doi:10.2136/sssaj1999.03615995006300010016x [41] G. K. Sims, “Nitrogen Starvation Promotes Biodegradation of N-Heterocyclic Compounds in Soil,” Soil Biology & Biochemistry, Vol. 38, No. 8, 2006, pp. 2478-2480. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.01.006 [42] M. Radosevich, J. J. Crawford, S. J. Traina, Y. L. Hao and O. H. Tuovinen, “Degradation and Mineralization of Atrazine by a Soil Bacterial Isolate,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 61, No. 1, 1995, pp. 297302. [43] C. M. Hansen, “Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User’s Handbook,” 2nd Edition, CRC Press Taylor Francis Group, Boca Raton, p. 2007. [44] T. A. Johnson and G. K. Sims, “Introduction of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid into Soil with Solvents and Resulting Implications for Bioavailability to Microorganisms,” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 27, No. 5, 2010, pp. 1137-1143. doi:10.1007/s11274-010-0560-y [45] S. Clay and W. Koskinen, “Adsorption and Desorption of Atrazine, Hydroxyatrazine, and s-Glutathione Atrazine on Two Soils,” Weed Science, Vol. 38, No. 3, 1990, pp. 262266. [46] S. Houot, E. Topp, A. Yassir and G. Soulas, “Dependence of Accelerated Degradation of Atrazine on Soil pH in French and Canadian Soils,” Soil Biology & Biochemistry, Vol. 32, No. 5, 2000, pp. 615-625. doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(99)00188-1 [47] W. A. Jury and R. Horton, “Soil Physics,” 6th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 2004. [48] A. Walker and D. V. Crawford, “Diffusion Coefficients for Two Triazine Herbicides in Six Soils,” Weed Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1970, pp. 126-132. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3180.1970.tb00933.x [49] R. M. Zablotowicz, M. A. Weaver and M. A. Locke, “Microbial Adaptation for Accelerated Atrazine Mineralization Degradation in Mississippi Delta Soils,” Weed Science, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2006, pp. 538-547. doi:10.1614/WS-04-179R3.1 [50] K. H. Baker and A. L. Mills, “Determination of the Number of Respiring Thiobacillus Ferrooxidans Cells in Water Samples by Using Combined Fluorescent Antibody-2-(pIodophenyl)-3-(p-Nitrophenyl)-5-Phenyltetrazolium Chloride Staining,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 43, No. 2, 1982, pp. 338-344. [51] L. W. Belser and E. L. Mays, “Use of Nitrifier Activity Measurements to Estimate the Efficiency of Viable Nitrifier Counts in Soils and Sediments,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 43, No. 4, 1982, pp. 945-948. [52] F. Martin-Laurent, L. Cornet, L. Ranjard, J. C. López-Gutiérrez, L. Philippot, C. Schwartz, R. Chassod, G. Catroux and G. Soulas, “Estimation of Atrazine-Degrading Genetic Potential and Activity in Three French Agricultural Soils,” FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2004, pp. 425-435. doi:10.1016/j.femsec.2004.03.008 [53] Y. Comeau, C. W. Greer and R. Samson, “Role of Inoculum Preparation and Density on the Bioremediation of 2,4-D-Contaminated Soil by Bioaugmentation,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 38, No. 5, 1993, pp. 681-687. doi:10.1007/BF00182810 [54] G. K. Sims and A. M. Cupples, “Factors Controlling Degradation of Pesticides in Soil,” Pesticide Science, Vol. 55, No. 5, 1999, pp. 566-614. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199905)55:5<598::AID-PS962>3.0.CO;2-N [55] T. Y. Kim, S. S. Park, S. J. Kim and S. Y. Cho, “Separation Characteristics of Some Phenoxy Herbicides from Aqueous Solution,” Adsorption, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2008, pp. 611-619. doi:10.1007/s10450-008-9129-6 [56] L. E. Bode, C. L. Day, M. R. Gebhardt and C. E. Goering, “Mechanism of Trifluralin Diffusion in Silt Loam Soil,” Weed Science, Vol. 21, 1973, pp. 480-484. [57] J. H. Dane and J. W. Hopmans, “Water Retention and Storage,” In: J. H. Dane and G. C. Topp, Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 4, Physical Methods, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 2002, p. 1692.

  
comments powered by Disqus
AiM Subscription
E-Mail Alert
AiM Most popular papers
Publication Ethics & OA Statement
AiM News
Frequently Asked Questions
Recommend to Peers
Recommend to Library
Contact Us

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.