Share This Article:

Maintenance of Ephedra alata Seeds Viability via Storage Containers

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:195KB) PP. 138-146
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2010.12018    5,452 Downloads   10,779 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Sequential incubation of seed samples yielded 20 fungal species belonging to 13 genera. The prevalent genera were Aspergillus (A. flavus and A. parasiticus), Fusarium (F. moniliforme and F. oxysporum) and Penicillium (Penicillium sp.). Such seedborne fungi differ in their colonization in different parts of seeds with most of them are colonized in seed coat, endosperm, and embryo of the seed. The usage of different storage containers for storing seeds indicated that the cotton cloth bags were the most favorable ones as they maintain seed moisture content (SMC) below the critical level resulting in minimum seed deterioration compared with other seed storage containers.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Al-Qarawi and E. Abd_Allah, "Maintenance of Ephedra alata Seeds Viability via Storage Containers," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2010, pp. 138-146. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2010.12018.

References

[1] E. F. Abd_Allah, “Effect of a Bacillus subtilis Isolate on Southern Blight (Sclerotium rolfsii) and Lipid Composition of Peanut Seeds,” Phytoparasitica, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2005, pp. 460-466.
[2] E. F. Abd_Allah and Abeer Hashem, “Seed Mycoflora of Lens esculenta and Their Biocontrol by Chitosan,” Phytoparasitica, Vol. 34, No. 2, 2006, pp. 213-218.
[3] L. Abdallah, and M. Chaieb, “Water Status and Growing Phonology of a Saharan Shrub in North Africa,” African Journal of Ecology, Vol. 1, No. 45, 2007, pp. 80-85.
[4] A. M. Abdelmonem, “Status of Seed Pathology and Seed Health Testing in Egypt,” Seed Science & Technology, Vol. 28, 2000, pp. 533-547.
[5] E. A. Abourashed, T. El-Alfy, I. A. Abir-Khan, and L. Walker, “Ephedra in Perspective—A Current Review,” Phytother. Res., Vol. 17, 2003, pp. 703-712.
[6] M. R. Al-Masri, “An in vitro Evaluation of Some Drought-Tolerant Native Range Plants in Terms of Ruminal Microbial Nitrogen, Microbial Biomass and Their Fermentation Characteristics Utilizing a Gas-Production Technique,” Tropical Grasslands, Vol. 4, 2007, pp. 292-300.
[7] W. A. Al-Taisan, A. A. Al-Qarawi and Moodi S. Alsubiee, “Effect of Water Stress by Polyethylene Glycol 8000 and Sodium Chloride on Germination of Ephedra alata Decne Seeds,” Saudi journal of Biological Science, Vol. 17, 2010, pp. 253-257.
[8] S. S. Alwakeel, “The Effect of Mycotoxins Found in Some Herbal Plants on Biochemical Parameters in Blood of Female Albino Mice.” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 8, 2009, pp. 637-642.
[9] J. E. Amadi and M. O. Adebola, “Effect of Moisture Content and Storage Conditions on the Storability of Garri,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 7, No. 24, 2008, pp. 4591-4594.
[10] Association of Official Analytical Chemists, “Official Methods of Analysis,” 11th Edition, Section 26.019 (a), 429. AOAC, Washington, D.C, 1970.
[11] Association of Official Analytical Chemists “Official Methods of Analysis,” 15th Edition, Washington, D.C, 1995.
[12] S. Basay, S. G. Okcu and I. Demir, “Changes in Germination Percentages, Protein and Lipid Contents of Primed Pepper Seeds during Storage,” Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Vol. 56, 2006, pp. 138-142.
[13] M. Begum and S. Lokesh, “Syngergistic Effect of Fungicides on the Incidence of Seed Mycoflora of Okra,” International Journal of Botany, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2008, pp. 24-32.
[14] W. W. Daniel, “Biostatistics: A Foundation for Analysis in the Health Science,” 4th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1987.
[15] K. H. Domsch, W. Gams and T. H. Anderson, “Compendium of Soil Fungi,” Academic Press, London, 1993.
[16] S. Figueroa, S. Centeno, M. A. Calvo, A. Rengel and C. Adelantado, “Mycobiota and Concentration of Ochratoxin A in Concentrated Poultry Feed from Venzuela,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 7, 2009, pp. 589-594.
[17] M. I. Ghonim, A. E. A. Ismail and E. F. Abd_Allah, “Biological Control of Aspergillus flavus in Soybean Seeds by Atoxigenic A. flavus Strain,” Zazazig J. Agric Res., Vol. 26, No. 1, 1999, pp. 27-35.
[18] P. Giorni, P. Battilani, A. Pietri and N. Magan, “Effect of aw and CO2 Level on Aspergillus flavus Growth and Aflatoxin Production in High Moisture Maize Post-Harvest,” International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol. 122, 2008, pp. 109-113.
[19] A. Gupte, S. Gupte and H. Patel, “Ligninolytic Enzyme Production under Solid State Fermentation by White Rot Fungi,” Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, Vol. 66, 2007, pp. 611-614.
[20] International Seed Testing Association [ISTA] “International rules for seed testing rules,” Seed Sci. & Technol., Vol. 24, 1996, pp. 1-335.
[21] S. D. Malimath and M. N. Merwade, “Effect of Storage Containers on Seed Storability of Garden Pea (Pisum sativum L.),” Karntaka J. Agri. Sci., Vol. 20, No. 2, 2007, pp. 384-385.
[22] J. E. Mellon, P. J. Cotty and M. K. Down, “Aspergillus flavus Hydrolysis: Their Roles in Pathogenesis and Substrate Utilization,” Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, pp. 1201-1208.
[23] V. Mohanasrinivasan, P. Dhrisya, K.P. Dipinsha, C.M. Unnithan, K.M. Viswanath, and C.S. Devi, “Comparative study of the lipase yield by solid state and submerged fermentations using fungal species from biopharmaceutical oil waste,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2009, pp. 73-76.
[24] J. Nabeny and B. F. Nesbitt, “A Spectophotometric Method for Determining the Aflatoxins,” Analyst, Vol. 90, 1965, pp. 155-160.
[25] R. Paramawati, P. Widodo, U. Budiharti and D. Handaka, “The Role of Postharvest Machineries and Packaging in Minimizing Aflatoxin Contamination in Peanut,” Indonesian journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2006, pp. 15-19.
[26] A. Pekkarinen, L. Mannonen, B. L. Jones and M. L. Niku-Paavola, “Production of Proteases by Fusarium Species Grown on Barley Grains and in Media Containing Cereal Proteins,” Journal of Cereal Science, Vol. 31, 2000, pp. 253-261.
[27] Z. Proch?zkov? and L. Bezdě?kova, “Effects of Moisture Content, Storage Temperature and Type of Storage Bag on the Germination and Viability of Stored European Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) Seeds,” Journal of Forest Science, Vol. 54, No. 7, 2008, pp. 287-293.
[28] S. Rasheed, S. Dawar and A. Ghaffar, “Location of Fungi in Groundnut Seed,” Pak J. Bot., Vol. 36, No. 3, 2004, pp. 663-668.
[29] S. S. Tag El-Din, A. M. Assaeed and A. A. Al-Sheick, “Distribution of Range Plant Communities as Influenced by Edaphic Factors in Raudhat Khuraim,” Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., Vol. 9, No. 10, 1994, pp. 69-82.
[30] M. Wagner and N. Mitschunas, “Fungal Effects on Seed Bank Persistence and Potential Applications in Weed Biocontrol: A Review,” Basic and Applied Ecology, Vol. 9, 2008, pp. 191-203.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.