An approach to a non-contact vital sign monitoring using dual-frequency microwave radars for elderly care


This study aimed to produce a prototype system for non-contact vital sign monitoring of the elderly using microwave radar with the intention of reducing the burdens on monitored individuals and nursing caregivers. In addition, we tested the ability of the proposed prototype system to measure the respiratory and heart rates of the elderly in a nursing home and discussed the systems effectiveness and problems by examining results of real-time monitoring. The prototype system consisted of two 24-GHz microwave radar antennas and an analysis system. The antennas were positioned below a mattress to monitor motion on the body surface for measuring cardiac and respiratory rates from the dorsal side of the subjects (23.3 ± 1.2 years) who would be lying on the mattress. The heart rates determined by the prototype system correlated significantly with those measured by electrocardiography (r = 0.92). Similarly, the respiratory rates determined by the prototype correlated with those obtained from respiration curves (r = 0.94). Next, we investigated the effectiveness of the prototype system with 7 elderly patients (93.3 ± 10.56 years) at a nursing home. The proposed system appears to be a promising tool for monitoring the vital signs of the elderly in a way that alleviates the need to attach electrodes overnight to confirm patient safety.

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Suzuki, S. , Matsui, T. , Kagawa, M. , Asao, T. and Kotani, K. (2013) An approach to a non-contact vital sign monitoring using dual-frequency microwave radars for elderly care. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 6, 704-711. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2013.67086.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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