Six Categories of Illnesses

DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.47082   PDF   HTML     5,278 Downloads   6,611 Views  

Abstract

Studies show that between 40% and 60% of patients attending emergency departments have medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) that are determined by psychosocial factors. However, there exists no clear categorization of these factors and the symptoms that they produce. This paper delineates six categories of illnesses that help to overcome this deficit. The categories of illnesses are 1) Typical physical illnesses; 2) Typical psychiatric illnesses; 3) Psychophysiological symptoms; 4) Symptoms associated with reliving traumas; 5) “Cherished” or hysterical symptoms; 6) Symptoms that identify with illnesses of others. Clinical examples of each category are provided.

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Valent, P. (2013). Six Categories of Illnesses. Psychology, 4, 569-571. doi: 10.4236/psych.2013.47082.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Abbass, A., Campbell, S., Hann, S. G., Lenzer, I., Tarzwell, R., & Maxwell, R. (2010). Cost savings of treatment of medically unexplained symptoms using Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP) by a hospital emergency department. Archives of Medical Psychology, 7, 34-43.
[2] Stephenson, D. T., & Price, J. R. (2006). Medically unexplained physical symptoms in emergency medicine. Emergency Medicine Journal, 23, 595-600. doi:10.1136/emj.2005.032854
[3] Valent, P. (1979). Psychosomatic aspects of illness. Patient Management, 8, 21-28.
[4] Valent, P. (1998). Trauma and fulfilment therapy; A wholist framework. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel. www.paulvalent.com/books/trauma-and-fulfillment-therapy/#more-796
[5] Valent, P. (1998a). From survival to fulfilment; A framework for the life-trauma dialectic. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel. www.paulvalent.com/books/from-survival-to-fulfillment/#more-793
[6] Valent, P. (2009). In two minds; Tales of a psychotherapist. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. www.paulvalent.com/books/in-two-minds-tales-of-a-psychotherapist/#more-205

  
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