DSP Based Simulator for Speed Control of the Synchronous Reluctance Motor Using Hysteresis Current Controller

DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.55037   PDF   HTML     6,557 Downloads   9,008 Views   Citations


This paper presents the field oriented vector control scheme for synchronous reluctance motor (SRM) drives, where current controller followed by hysteresis comparator is used. The test motor has a star-connected wound stator and a segmental rotor of the multiple barrier type with an external incremental encoder to sense rotor position. The magnetic characteristics of this motor are described using 2D finite element method, which is used firstly for rotor design of SRM. The field oriented vector control, that regulates the speed of the SRM, is provided by a quadrature axis current command developed by the speed controller. The simulation includes all realistic components of the system. This enables the calculation of currents and voltages in different parts of the voltage source inverter (VSI) and motor under transient and steady state conditions. Implementation has been done in MATLAB/Simulink. A study of hysteresis control scheme associated with current controllers has been made. Experimental results of the SRM control using TMS320F24X DSP board are presented. The speed of the SRM is successfully controlled in the constant torque region. Experimental results of closed loop speed control of the SRM are given to verify the proposed scheme.

Share and Cite:

A. Daud and B. Alsayid, "DSP Based Simulator for Speed Control of the Synchronous Reluctance Motor Using Hysteresis Current Controller," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 5, 2013, pp. 363-371. doi: 10.4236/epe.2013.55037.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] H. Kiriyama, S. Kawano, Y. Honda, T. Higaki, S. Morimoto and Y. Takeda, “High Performance Synchronous Reluctance Motor with Multi-Flux Barrier for the Appliance Industry,” The 1998 IEEE Industry Applications Conference, Thirty-Third IAS Annual Meeting, St. Louis, 12-15 October 1998, pp. 111-117.
[2] Malan, M. J. Kamper and P. N. T. Williams, “Reluctance Synchronous Machine Drive for Hybrid Electric Vehicle,” IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, Pretoria, 7-10 July 1998, pp. 367-372.
[3] J. Malan and M. J. Kamper, “Performance of a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Using Reluctance Synchronous Machine Technology,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 37, No. 5, 2001, pp. 1319-1324.
[4] G. K. Dubey, “Fundamentals of Electrical Drives,” Alpha Science, Temple City, 2001.
[5] J.-M. Park, S.-J. Park, M.-M. Lee, J.-S. Chun and J.-H. Lee, “Rotor Design on Torque Ripple Reduction for a Synchronous Reluctance Motor with Concentrated Winding Using Response Surface Methodology,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 42, No. 10, pp. 3479-3481.
[6] S. B. Kwon, S. J. Park and J. H. Lee, “Optimum Design Criteria Based on the Rated Watt of a Synchronous Reluctance Motor Using a Coupled FEM and SUMT” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 41, No. 10, 2005, pp. 3970-3972. doi:10.1109/TMAG.2005.855180
[7] J. Rizk, M. H. Nagrial and A. Hellany, “Optimum Design Parameters for Synchronous Reluctance Motors,” Proceedings of the 14th International Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON’10), Egypt, 19-21 December 2010, Article ID: 290.
[8] N. Bianchi, S. Bolognani, D. Bon and M. D. Pre, “Torque Harmonic Compensation in a Synchronous Reluctance Motor,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2008, pp. 466-473.
[9] F. Fernandez-Bernal, A. Garcia-Cerrada and R. Faure, “Efficient Control of Reluctance Synchronous Machines,” Industrial Electronics Society, 1998. IECON ’98. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the IEEE, Aachen, 31 August-4 September 1998, pp. 923-928.
[10] R. E. Betz, R. Lagerquis M. Jovanovic, T. J. E. Miller and R. H. Middleton, “Control of Synchronous Reluctance Machines,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 29, No. 6, 1993, pp. 1110-1121. doi:10.1109/28.259721
[11] L. Xu and J. Yao, “ACompensated Vector Control Scheme of a Synchronous Reluctance Motor Including Saturation and Iron Loss,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 28, No. 6, 1992, pp. 1330-1338. doi:10.1109/28.175285
[12] J. C. Kim, J. H. Lee, I. S. Jung and D. S. Hyun, “Vector Control Scheme of Synchronous Reluctance Motor Considering Iron Core Loss,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 34, No. 5, 1998, pp. 3522-3525. doi:10.1109/20.717831
[13] R. E. Betz, M. Jovanovic, R. Lagerquist and T. J. E. Miller, “Aspects of the Control of Synchronous Reluctance Machines including Saturation and Iron Losses,” Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, 1992. Conference Record of the 1992 IEEE, Houston, 4-9 October 1995, pp. 456-463.
[14] A.-K. Daud, B. Alsayid and A. Zaidan, “DSP Based Simulator for Field Oriented Control of the Surface Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive,” International Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2012, pp. 29-37.
[15] M. H. Rashid, “Power Electronics, Circuits, Devices and Applications,” Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2004.
[16] B. K. Bose, “Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives,” Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2002.
[17] C.-M. Ong, “Dynamic Simulation of Electric Machinery Using Matlab/Simulink,” Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River 1998.
[18] M. A. Fellani and D. E. Abai, “Matlab/Simulink-Based Transient Stability Analysis of a Sensorless Synchronous Reluctance Motor,” World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 68, 2010, pp. 1472-1476.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.