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Geologic and economic potentials of minerals and industrial rocks in Jordan

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DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.56092    7,241 Downloads   11,242 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This work discusses status of the geologic and economic potentials of minerals and industrial rocks in Jordan. The major mineral resources are presented in details and the paper is designed to cover the lack of published data in this field. Geologically, the structural framework of Jordan is controlled largely by Arabian Nubian Shield in the south, block—faulted areas in the east, upwarping in north and east, and Wadi Araba-Dead Sea Transform Fault in the western part. The geologic environments include Precambrian crystalline basement (Late Proterozoic) of Arabian Nubian Shield (ANS) that is composed of igneous and metamorphic rocks at south-western part. Paleozoic rocks at southern and southeastern part consist of clastic minerals which are dominated by sandstone, whereas Mesozoic sedimentary rocks are widespread throughout southwestern, northern to southeastern parts of the country. They mainly consist of major industrial rocks and minerals such as phosphate, oil shale, limestone, dolomite, chalk, marble, gypsum, diatomite and tripoli. Cenozoic Era is composed of sedimentary and volcanic rocks in different parts of Jordan. There are more than twenty nonmetallic minerals and four main metallic deposits within the various geologic environments. This paper summarizes their distribution, chemical and mineralogical characteristics, in addition to their production statistics.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Alnawafleh, H. , Tarawneh, K. and Alrawashdeh, R. (2013) Geologic and economic potentials of minerals and industrial rocks in Jordan. Natural Science, 5, 756-769. doi: 10.4236/ns.2013.56092.

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