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Effect of Cultivation Pattern on the Light Radiation of Group Canopy and Yield of Spring Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merrill)

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.46148    3,845 Downloads   5,450 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT


Heilongjiang Province is the main soybean-producing area in china. In this study, we analyzed the canopy structure, dynamic characteristics of light radiation and yield of Hefeng50 (the main variety of soybean in Heilongjiang Province) under six different cultivation patterns (ORP, TPCR, ORCP, BRHD, SRHD and FPHD). The results showed that SRHD and BRHD at different growth period (blossom period R1, podding R3 and grain filing period R5) produced an even distribution of the population leaf area, suitable mean foliage inclination angle (MFIA), low transparency coefficients for defuse penetration (TCDP) and transparency coefficients for radiation penetration (TCRP), high leaf area index (LAI), extinction light coefficient (K value), fraction of radiation intercepted (FRI) and light energy utilization rate. Grain number, dry matter weight per plant, and yield of SRHD and BRHD were significantly higher than those of other cultivation patterns. The yield of SRHD, BRHD, ORCP, FPHD and TPCR was increased by 136%, 112%, 79%, 50.1% and 14.7%, respectively, compared to that of ORP. These results suggest that SRHD and BRHD are the optimal cultivation pattern for the improvement of soybean yield in phaeozem region of northeastern China.


Cite this paper

J. Xiao, u. Wang, M. Zhao, J. Yin, W. Li, Y. Bi, W. Li, Y. Lai, X. Shu and Y. Zhao, "Effect of Cultivation Pattern on the Light Radiation of Group Canopy and Yield of Spring Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merrill)," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 6, 2013, pp. 1204-1211. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.46148.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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