The effect of acculturation in the concordance of oral health related quality of life in Latino children and their parents

DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.32016   PDF   HTML     3,219 Downloads   5,053 Views   Citations

Abstract

The Latino population is the fastest growing and the largest minority group in the United States comprising 16% of the population younger than 18 years of age. Yet, little is known about the effect of acculturation in oral health related quality of life in Latino children and their parents. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of acculturation in parent and child’s perceptions of the child’s oral health status and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) as well as the effect in the concordance between children and parents/caregivers. Method: Sixty-three Latino children between the ages of 8 and 15, and their parents were recruited from the waiting room at the University of California, San Francisco Orthodontic and Pediatric Clinics. Parent and children each separately completed the Child Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (COHIP) for children and COHIP for parent/caregiver. Results: Of the sixty-three children, fifteen children (23.8%) had a more negative perception of their oral health than their parents whereas twenty-three children (36.5%) had a more positive perception. In terms of agreement between children and parents, questions about oral health showed the lowest level of agreement (34.9%) and self-image questions the highest (55.6%). Conclusion: The study findings indicate that the more acculturated the child, the more negative their perception of their oral health. The level of disagreement between parent and child, underscores the importance of obtaining both the child and parent OHRQoL perceptions.

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Cubas, Y. and Orellana, M. (2013) The effect of acculturation in the concordance of oral health related quality of life in Latino children and their parents. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 3, 95-104. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.32016.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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