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Octa-O-Methoxy Resorcin [4] Arene Amberlite XAD-4 Polymeric Chelating Resin for Solid Phase Extraction, Preconcentration, Separation and Trace Determination of Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) Ions

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2013.45030    4,214 Downloads   6,677 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Synthetic resin, Amberlite XAD-4 was linked covalently with the third generation supramolecule, octa-O-methoxy resorcin [4] arene through -N=N-group to form chelating resin, which has been characterized and effectively used for the separation and preconcentration of metal ions such as Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II). Critical parameters such as pH, flow rate, sorption capacity, breakthrough studies, distribution coefficient, preconcentration factor, concentration of eluting agents responsible for quantitative extraction of metal ions were optimized. The synthesized resin showed good binding affinity towards Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) under selective pH conditions. Good breakthrough capacity and fast exchange kinetics of the resin lead to effective separation of metal ions from their binary and ternary mixture by column method on the basis of pH and eluting agents. The resin could be reused for about 8 -10 cycles. The proposed method having the analytical data with the relative standard deviation (RSD) < 2% and with recoveries of analytes higher than 98%, reflects upon the reproducibility and reliability of the method which has been successfully applied in the separation and determination of Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) ions in synthetic, natural and ground water samples.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Vyas, B. Makwana, K. Bhatt and V. Jain, "Octa-O-Methoxy Resorcin [4] Arene Amberlite XAD-4 Polymeric Chelating Resin for Solid Phase Extraction, Preconcentration, Separation and Trace Determination of Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) Ions," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 4 No. 5, 2013, pp. 238-251. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2013.45030.

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