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Hemothorax induced by cardiac perforation resulting from two active screw-in leads: A case report

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.32033    4,189 Downloads   5,533 Views  


We describe the case of a 77-year-old female who underwent dual-chamber permanent pacemaker implantation using two active screw-in leads for complete atrioventricular block. The two active screw-in leads perforated the atrial and ventricular walls causing cardiac tamponade and a left hemothorax associated with ventricular perforation. An emergency sternotomy was performed to facilitate drainage and hemostasis. Although hemothorax due to pacing lead perforation is very rare, such a possibility should always be considered.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Morita, H. , Saito, T. and Misawa, Y. (2013) Hemothorax induced by cardiac perforation resulting from two active screw-in leads: A case report. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 3, 220-221. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.32033.


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