Physicochemical Properties of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil from Sugarcane Straw and Sugarcane in Natura
Josilaine A. C. Durange, Margareth R. L. Santos, Marcelo M. Pereira, Luiz A. P. Fernandes Jr., Marcio N. Souza, Anderson N. Mendes, Liena M. Mesa, Caio G. Sánchez, Elisabete M. S. Sanchez, Juan M. M. Pérez, Nakédia M. F. Carvalho
Escola de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Faculdade de Engenharia Agrícola, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.
Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazi.
Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil.
Instituto de Química, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil..
Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.42A002   PDF   HTML   XML   6,652 Downloads   9,796 Views   Citations


Under the renewable energy context, sugarcane biomass pyrolysis has been growing as a convenient route to produce bio-oil, which can be set into the chemical industry and refineries as building blocks or combustion fuel. In this work sugarcane straw was submitted to direct pyrolysis in a fluidized bed pilot plant at 500°C, in presence of air. Sugarcane in natura was also pyrolysed as a model for comparison, in order to determine the viability of processing different sources of raw biomass. The physicochemical characterization of the biomass precursors as well as of the bio-oils was also carried out, which points both biomass feedstocks as suitable for bio-oil production in terms of viscosity, surface tension, density and acidity. The bio-oil obtained from sugarcane in natura presented higher carbon and hydrogen content as well as lower oxygen content. On the other hand, the metal content is higher in the bio-oil obtained from sugarcane straw, in special the iron and potassium contents were 807 ppm and 123 ppm against 27 ppm and 1 ppm in the bio-oil from sugarcane in natura. Aliphatic and aromatic compounds as well as carbohydrates scaffolds were identified as the main components of the bio-oil. GC-MS analyses showed aromatic products from lignine fragmentation and free sugars and sugar derivatives.

Share and Cite:

J. Durange, M. Santos, M. Pereira, L. Fernandes Jr., M. Souza, A. Mendes, L. Mesa, C. Sánchez, E. Sanchez, J. Pérez and N. Carvalho, "Physicochemical Properties of Pyrolysis Bio-Oil from Sugarcane Straw and Sugarcane in Natura," Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, Vol. 4 No. 2A, 2013, pp. 10-19. doi: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.42A002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] M. Oppenheimer, “Global Warming and the Stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet,” Nature, Vol. 393, No. 6683, 1998, pp. 325-332. doi:10.1038/30661
[2] C. Okkerse and H. van Bekkum, “From Fossil to Green,” Green Chemistry, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1999, pp. 107-114. doi:10.1039/a809539f
[3] G. W. Huber, S. Iborra and A. Corma, “Synthesis of Transportation Fuels from Biomass: Chemistry, Catalysts, and Engineering,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 106, No. 9, 2006, pp. 4044-4098. doi:10.1021/cr068360d
[4] A. Corma, S. Iborra and A. Velty, “Chemical Routes for the Transformation of Biomass into Chemicals,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 107, No. 6, 2007, pp. 2411-2502. doi:10.1021/cr050989d
[5] J. Zakzeski, P. C. A. Bruijnincx, A. L. Jongerius and B. M. Weckhuysen, “The Catalytic Valorization of Lignin for the Production of Renewable Chemicals,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 110, No. 6, 2010, pp. 3552-3599. doi:10.1021/cr900354u
[6] D. Mohan, C. U. Pittman Jr. and P. H. Steele, “Pyrolysis of Wood/Biomass for Bio-Oil: A Critical Review,” Energy & Fuels, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2006, pp. 848-889. doi:10.1021/ef0502397
[7] A. Pandey, C. R. Soccol, P. Nigam and V. T. Soccol, “Biotechnological Potential of Agro-Industrial Residues. I: Sugarcane Bagasse,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 74, No. 1, 2000, pp. 69-80. doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(99)00142-X
[8] J. Goldemberg, S. T. Coelho and P. Guardabassi, “The Sustainability of Ethanol Production from Sugarcane,” Energy Policy, Vol. 36, No. 6, 2008, pp. 2086-2097. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2008.02.028
[9] J. A. Cunha, M. M. Pereira, L. M. M. Valente, P. R. de la Piscina, N. Homs and M. R. L. Santos, “Waste Biomass to Liquids: Low Temperature Conversion of Sugarcane Bagasse to Bio-Oil. The Effect of Combined Hydrolysis Treatments,” Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 35, No 5, 2011, pp. 2106-2116. doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.02.019
[10] P. T. Williams and N. Nugranad, “Comparison of Products from the Pyrolysis and Catalytic Pyrolysis of Rice Husks,” Energy, Vol. 25, No. 6, 2000, pp. 493-513. doi:10.1016/S0360-5442(00)00009-8
[11] S. Zhang, Y. Yan, T. Li and Z. Ren, “Upgrading of Liquid Fuel from the Pyrolysis of Biomass,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 96, No. 5, 2005, pp. 545-550. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2004.06.015
[12] A. Oasmaa and S. Czernik, “Fuel Oil Quality of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils—State of the Art for the End User,” Energy & Fuels, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1999, pp. 914-921. doi:10.1021/ef980272b
[13] S. Czernik and A. V. Bridgwater, “Overview of Applications of Biomass Fast Pyrolysis Oil,” Energy & Fuels, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2004, pp. 590-598. doi:10.1021/ef034067u
[14] M. Garcìa-Pérez, A. Chaala and C. Roy, “Vacuum Pyrolysis of Sugarcane Bagasse,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 65, No. 2, 2002, pp. 111-136. doi:10.1016/S0165-2370(01)00184-X
[15] M. C. Samolada, W. Baldauf and I. A. Vasalos, “Production of a Bio-Gasoline by Upgrading Biomass Flash Pyrolysis Liquids via Hydrogen Processing and Catalytic Cracking,” Fuel, Vol. 77, No. 14, 1998, pp. 1667-1675. doi:10.1016/S0016-2361(98)00073-8
[16] T. P. Vispute, H. Zhang, A. Sanna, R. Xiao and G. W. Huber, “Renewable Chemical Commodity Feedstocks from Integrated Catalytic Processing of Pyrolysis Oils,” Science, Vol. 330, No. 6008, 2010, pp. 1222-1227. doi:10.1126/science.1194218
[17] G. Fogassy, N. Thegarid, Y. Schuurman and C. Mirodatos, “From Biomass to Bio-Gasoline by FCC Co-Processing: Effect of Feed Composition and Catalyst Structure on Product Quality,” Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, No. 12, 2011, pp. 5068-5076. doi:10.1039/c1ee02012a
[18] D. S. Scott, P. Majerski, J. Piskorz and D. Radlein, “A Second Look at Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass—The RTI Process,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 51, No. 1-2, 1999, pp. 23-37. doi:10.1016/S0165-2370(99)00006-6
[19] Q. Zhang, J. Chang, T. J. Wang and Y. Xu, “Review of Biomass Pyrolysis Oil Properties and Upgrading Research,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2007, pp. 87-92. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2006.05.010
[20] J. Lédé, F. Broust, F. T. Ndiaye and M. Ferrer, “Properties of Bio-Oils Produced by Biomass Fast Pyrolysis in a Cyclone Reactor,” Fuel, Vol. 86, No. 12-13, 2007, pp. 1800-1810. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2006.12.024
[21] M. Garcìa-Pérez, A. Chaala, H. Pakdel, D. Kretschmer and C. Roy, “Vacuum Pyrolysis of Softwood and Hardwood Biomass: Comparison between Product Yields and Bio-Oil Properties,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 78, No. 1, 2007, pp. 104-116. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2006.05.003
[22] C. J. Durán-Valle, M. Gómez-Corzo, J. Pastor-Villegas and V. Gómez-Serrano, “Study of Cherry Stones as Raw Material in Preparation of Carbonaceous Adsorbents,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Vol. 73, No. 1, 2005, pp. 59-67. doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2004.10.004
[23] A. V. Bridgwater, “Renewable Fuels and Chemicals by Thermal Processing of Biomass,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 91, No. 2-3, 2003, pp. 87-102. doi:10.1016/S1385-8947(02)00142-0
[24] M. Ikura, M. Stanciulescu and E. Hogan, “Emulsification of Pyrolysis Derived Bio-Oil in Diesel Fuel,” Biomass & Bioenergy, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2003, pp. 221-232. doi:10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00131-9

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.