Spatiotemporal Urban Land Use Changes in the Changzhutan Region of Hunan Province in China


The Changzhutan region in the north-central part of Hunan Province in China has experienced a rapid urbanization in the past few decades that has led to substantial changes in its environment. In 2007, the National Development and Reform Commission of China designated the metropolitan district of Changsha City, Zhuzhou City, and Xiangtan City of this region as the fourth National Demonstration Area where economic development should be implemented in harmony with resource-saving and environment-friendly land use practices. The research, focus of this article will be on quantifying the spatial pattern of urban land use change which not only can provide an assessments and predictions of future environmental effects, but also will serve as a scientific basis for the development of urban sustainability. This paper integrates historical Landsat TM imagery, geographical information system (GIS) and socioeconomic data to determine the spatiotemporal urban land use dynamics and conversion of land use in response to the rapid urbanization of a select group of cities in China from 1990 to 2007. The approach is based on Principle Component Analysis to determine and model the relationship between the socioeconomic factors and land use/cover change (LUCC) for identifying the driving forces. The results indicate that land cover of the Changzhutan region mainly consists of forestland and cropland which accounted for about 93% of the total land area. During the 1990-2007 study period, the urban areas and water bodies increased by 46,297 ha and 775 ha, respectively, while forestland, cropland, and grassland decreased appreciably by 22,580 ha, 21,808 ha, and 5618 ha, respectively. Moreover, the urban land area during the 2000-2007 period increased by five times as much as that during the 1990-2000 period. The land use dynamic degree of Changsha City is the largest one followed by that for Xiangtan and Zhuzhou Cities. During this study period, the land use comprehensive intensity index increased and followed the sequence Xiangtan > Changsha > Zhuzhou. The changes were attributed to economic development, population growth, infrastructure improvements and construction, and land use policies. To address the negative or eco-environmental deleterious effects of these changes, landscape ecology plan, population growth control, and the development of an ecological friendly agriculture were suggested.

Share and Cite:

B. Quan, Z. Xiao, M. Römkens, Y. Bai and S. Lei, "Spatiotemporal Urban Land Use Changes in the Changzhutan Region of Hunan Province in China," Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2013, pp. 136-147. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2013.52014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] E. F. Lambin and H. J. Geist, “Land-Use and Land-Cover Change: Local Processes and Global Impacts,” Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2006. doi:10.1007/3-540-32202-7
[2] P. A. Matson, W. J. Parton, A. G. Power and M. J. Swift, “Agricultural Intensification and Ecosystem Properties,” Science, Vol. 277, No. 5325, 1997, pp. 504-509. doi:10.1126/science.277.5325.504
[3] X. Z. Peng, “China’s Demographic History and Future Challenges,” Science, Vol. 333, No. 6042, 2011, pp. 581-587. doi:10.1126/science.1209396
[4] J. A. Foley, R. DeFries, G. P. Asner, C. Barford, G. Bonan, S. R. Carpenter, et al., “Global Consequences of Land Use,” Science, Vol. 309, No. 5734, 2005, pp. 570-574. doi:10.1126/science. 1111772
[5] J. G. Wu, “Urban Sustainability: An Inevitable Goal of Landscape Research,” Landscapes Ecology, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2010, pp. 1-4. doi:10.1007/s10980-009-9444-7
[6] E. Banzhaf and M. Netzband, “Monitoring Urban Land Use Changes With Remote Sensing Techniques,” In: M. Richer and U. Weiland, Eds., Applied Urban Ecology: A Global Framework, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Chichester, 2012, pp. 18-32.
[7] J. Donnay, M. J. Barnsley and P. A. Longley, “Remote Sensing and Urban Analysis,” Taylor & Francis, London, 2001. doi:10.4324/9780203306062
[8] A. W. Thompson and L. S. Prokopy, “Tracking Urban Sprawl: Using Spatial Data to Inform Farmland Preservation Policy,” Land Use Policy, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2009, pp. 194-202. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol. 2008.02.005
[9] A. M. Dewan and Y. Yamaguchi, “Land Use and Land Cover Change in Greater Dhaka, Bangladesh: Using Remote Sensing to Promote Sustainable Urbanization,” Applied Geography, Vol. 29, No. 3, 2009, pp. 390-401. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2008.12.005
[10] M. El-Raey, Y. Fouda and P. Gal, “GIS for Environmental Assessment of the Impacts of Urban Encroachment on Rosetta Region, Egypt,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2000, pp. 217-233. doi:10.1023/A:1006195006898
[11] A. S. Hadeel, M. T. Jabbar and X. L. Chen, “Environmental Change Monitoring in the Arid and Semi-arid Regions: A Case Study Al-Basrah Province, Iraq,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 167, No. 1-4, 2010, pp. 371-385. doi:10.1007/s10661-009-1056-9
[12] S. Malaviya, M. Munsi, G. Oinam and P. K. Joshi, “Landscape Approach for Quantifying Land Use Land Cover Change (1972-2006) and Habitat Diversity in a Mining Area in Central India (Bokaro, Jharkhand),” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 170, No. 1-4, 2010, pp. 215-229. doi:10.1007/s10661-009-1227-8
[13] S. O. Turan, A. I. Kadiogullari and A. Gunlu, “Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Land Use Pattern Response to Urbanization in Kastamonu,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2010, pp. 640-647.
[14] U. Mander and R. H. G. Jongman, “Landscape Perspectives of Land Use Changes,” WIT Press, Southampton, 2000.
[15] J. Y. Liu and A. Buhe, “Study on Spatial-temporal Feature of Modern Land Use Change in China: Using Remote Sensing Techniques,” Quaternary Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2000, pp. 229-239.
[16] J. Y. Liu, Z. X. Zhan and X. Z. Deng, “Spatio-Temporal Patterns and Driving Forces of Urban Land Expansion in China During the Economic Reform Era,” Ambio, Vol. 34, No. 6, 2005, pp. 444-449 .
[17] J. Y. Liu, Z. X. Zhan, X. L. Xu, W. H. Kuang, W. C. Zhou, S. W. Zhang, et al., “Spatial Patterns and Driving Forces of Land Use Change in China in the Early 21st Century,” Acta Geographica Sinica, Vol. 64, No. 12, 2009, pp. 1411-1420.
[18] C. Xu, M. S. Liu, C. Hong, T. Chi, S. Q. An and X. J. Yang, “Temporal Variation of Characteristic Scales in Urban Landscapes: An Insight into the Evolving Internal Structures of China’s Two Largest Cities,” Landscapes Ecology, Vol. 27, No. 7, 2012, pp. 1063-1074. doi:10.1007/s10980-012-9764-x
[19] J. Luo and Y. H. D. Wei, “Modeling Spatial Variations of Urban Growth Patterns in Chinese Cities: The Case of Nanjing,” Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 91, No. 2, 2009, pp. 51-64. doi:10.1016/ j.landurbplan.2008.11.010
[20] J. S. Deng, K. Wang, Y. Hong and J. G. Qi, “Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Evolution of Land Use Change and Landscape Pattern in Response to Rapid Urbanization,” Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 92, No. 3-4, 2009, pp. 187-198. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2009.05.001
[21] J. Y. She and C. H. Chen, “Research on Modern Forestry Eco-system of Rural-Urban Unification in the Region of Changzhutan,” Hunan University Press, Changsha, 2007.
[22] Y. J. Yan, M. Wang, Q. Yang and K. W. Liu, “Study on Zonal Vegetation Landscape Characteristics in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Region,” Forest Resources Management, No. 2, 2009, pp. 60-65.
[23] Y. B. Lai, X. Xia, J. A. Wang, L. Wang, Y. Y. Yu and C. Y. Yang, “Analysis of LUCC Pattern of Physical Region in NSTEC,” Progress in Earth Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2002, pp. 215-220.
[24] C. Y. He, H. L. Zhou, Z. T. Yu and Q. T. Zhang, “Regional Land Use/Cover Information Processing,” Resources Science, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2002, pp. 64-70.
[25] X. L. Wang and Y. H. Bao, “Study on the Methods of Land Use Dynamic Change Research,” Progress in Geography, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1999, pp. 81-87.
[26] S. Y. Wang, Z. X. Zhang, Q. B. Zhou and C. Y. Wang, “Study on Spatial-Temporal Features of Land Use/Land Cover Change Based on Technologies of RS and GIS,” Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2002, pp. 223-228.
[27] S. M. Kendall, “Multivariate Analysis,” Macmillan Publishing CO., INC., New York, 1980.
[28] J. H. Xu, “Mathematics Method in Modern Geography,” 2nd Edition, High Education Press, Beijing, 2006.
[29] K. J. Yu, “Ecological Infrastructure Leads the Way: The Negative Approach and Landscape Urbanism for Smart Preservation and Smart Growth,” In: M. Richer and U. Weiland, Eds., Applied Urban Ecology: A Global Framework, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Chichester, 2012, pp. 152-169.
[30] E. Kalnay and M. Cai, “Impact of Urbanization and Land-Use Change on Climate,” Nature, Vol. 423, No. 5, 2003, pp. 528-531. doi:10.1038/nature01675
[31] J. G. Wu, “Making the Case for Landscape Ecology: An Effective Approach to Urban Sustainability,” Landscapes Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2008, pp. 41-50. doi:10.3368/lj.27.1.41
[32] B. Quan, J. F. Chen, H. J. Zhu and C. D. Guo, “Water Problem of Lateritic Red Soil and Its Management,” Soils, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2004, pp. 532-537.
[33] M. C. Nakahara, “Heritage of Land Development—Our Ancestors’ Achievements Engraved on this Island Country, Japan,” Shin Nogyodoboku Rekishi Kenkyu-Kai, Tokyo, 2004.
[34] B. Quan, B. C. Li and Q. C. Chen, “Introduction of MI-DORI Ecological Agriculture Model of Japan and Its Enlightenment on Modern Ecological Agriculture Development on the Southern China,” Tropical Geography, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2010, pp. 50-56.
[35] B. Quan, J. F. Chen, H. L. Qiu, M. J. M. Romkens, X. Q. Yang, S. F. Jiang and B. C. Li, “Spatial-Temporal Pattern and Driving Forces of Land Use Changes in Xiamen,” Pedosphere, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2006, pp. 477-488. doi:10.1016/S1002-0160(06)60078-7
[36] B. Quan, M. J. M. Romkens, J. J. Tao, B. C. Li, C. K. Li and Q. C. Chen, “Spatial-Temporal Pattern and Population Driving Force of Land Use Change in Liupan Mountains Region, Southern Ningxia, China,” Chinese Geographical Science, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2008, pp. 323-330. doi:10.1007/s11769-008-0323-y
[37] B. Quan, M. J. M. Romkens, R. Li, F. Wang and J. Chen, “Effect of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Soil Erosion and the Spatio-Temporal Variation in Liupan Mountain Region, Southern Ningxia, China,” Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering in China, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2011, pp. 564-572. doi:10.1007/s11783-011-0348-9
[38] B. Quan, “Land Use Change in Northwest and Southeast China and Its Comparison,” China Environmental Press, Beijing, 2010.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.