Identification of Forerunners and Transmission of Energy to Tsunami Waves Generated by Instanteneous Ground Motion on a Non-Uniformly Sloping Beach

DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.42042   PDF   HTML   XML   2,744 Downloads   4,295 Views   Citations


The problem of generation and propagation of tsunami waves is mainly focused on plane beach, there are very few analytical works where wave generation is considered on non-uniformly sloping beach and as a result those works might have failed to capture important facts which are influenced by bottom-slope of the beach. Some researchers provided solution to the forced long linear waves but on a beach with uniform slope while the importance of including variable bottom topography is mentioned by few researchers but they also stayed away from considering continuous variability of the ocean bed as they were studying runup problem. This paper analyzes tsunami waves which are generated by instantaneous bottom dislocation on a ocean floor with variable slope of the form y=-qxr, q > 0, r > 0. Attempts are made to find analytical solution of the problem and along the way tsunami forerunners are identified while investigating the short time wave behavior, not found even with constant slope beaches. In our study a rather significant phenomenon with regard to energy transmission to the waves at steady-state are observed with some notable features.

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A. Bandyopadhyay, "Identification of Forerunners and Transmission of Energy to Tsunami Waves Generated by Instanteneous Ground Motion on a Non-Uniformly Sloping Beach," International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2013, pp. 454-460. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2013.42042.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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