xhrj.open('GET', encodeURI(sUrl), bAsync); xhrj.send('Null'); } } function RndNum(n) { var rnd = ""; for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) rnd += Math.floor(Math.random() * 10); return rnd; } function SetNum(item) { var url = "//www.scirp.org/journal/senddownloadnum.aspx"; var args = "paperid=" + item; url = url + "?" + args + "&rand=" + RndNum(4); window.setTimeout("show('" + url + "')", 3000); } function show(url) { var callback = function (xhrj) { } ajaxj.get(url, true, callback, "try"); } // function SetNumTwo(item) { // alert("jinlia"); // var url = "../userInformation/PDFLogin.aspx"; // var refererrurl = document.referrer; // var downloadurl = window.location.href; // var args = "PaperID=" + item + "&RefererUrl=" + refererrurl + "&DownloadUrl="+downloadurl; // url = url + "?" + args + "&rand=" + RndNum(4); // //// window.setTimeout("show('" + url + "')", 500); // } // function pdfdownloadjudge() { // $("a").each(function(index) { // var rel = $(this).attr("rel"); // if (rel == "true") { // $(this).removeAttr("onclick"); // $(this).attr("href","#"); // //$(this).bind('click', function() { SetNumTwo(28709)}); // var url = "../userInformation/PDFLogin.aspx"; // var refererrurl = document.referrer; // var downloadurl = window.location.href; // var args = "PaperID=" + 28709 + "&RefererUrl=" + refererrurl + "&DownloadUrl=" + downloadurl; // url = url + "?" + args + "&rand=" + RndNum(4); // // $(this).bind('click', function() { ShowTwo(url)}); // } // }); // } // //获取下载pdf注册的cookie // function getcookie() { // var cookieName = "pdfddcookie"; // var cookieValue = null; //返回cookie的value值 // if (document.cookie != null && document.cookie != '') { // var cookies = document.cookie.split(';'); //将获得的所有cookie切割成数组 // for (var i = 0; i < cookies.length; i++) { // var cookie = cookies[i]; //得到某下标的cookies数组 // if (cookie.substring(0, cookieName.length + 2).trim() == cookieName.trim() + "=") {//如果存在该cookie的话就将cookie的值拿出来 // cookieValue = cookie.substring(cookieName.length + 2, cookie.length); // break // } // } // } // if (cookieValue != "" && cookieValue != null) {//如果存在指定的cookie值 // return false; // } // else { // // return true; // } // } // function ShowTwo(webUrl){ // alert("22"); // $.funkyUI({url:webUrl,css:{width:"600",height:"500"}}); // } //window.onload = pdfdownloadjudge;
AASoci> Vol.3 No.1, March 2013
Share This Article:
Cite This Paper >>

A Cognitive Emotional Methodology for Critical Thinking

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:64KB) PP. 20-25
DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.31003    6,168 Downloads   9,836 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment
Edward P. Hanna

Affiliation(s)

Social Work, Kutztown University of Pennsylvania Kutztown, Kutztown, USA.

ABSTRACT

This essay provides a theoretical foundation for a cognitive emotional methodology for critical thinking that is currently being utilized by the author in undergraduate and graduate social work advanced seminar classes. Through a review of the literature, the paper suggests that most approaches to teaching critical thinking do not integrate cognitive emotional criteria in the teaching method, and this is problematic for social work education. Citing recent literature about teaching empathy and values, and merging that work with clinical theory and practice, a theoretical foundation is established for a methodology that is in its formative stages. The methodology and its constructs are described. Although the methodology is presented though the vehicle of social work education, it is asserted that the methodology has broader utility.


KEYWORDS

Critical Thinking; Decision Making; Social Work; Social Work Education

Cite this paper

Hanna, E. (2013). A Cognitive Emotional Methodology for Critical Thinking. Advances in Applied Sociology, 3, 20-25. doi: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.31003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Allen, K. N., & Friedman, B. D. (2010). Affective learning: A taxonomy for teaching social work values. Journal of Social Work Values & Ethics, 7. http://www.socialworker.com/jswve
[2] Bissell, A. N., & Lemons, P. P. (2006). A new method for assessing critical thinking in the classroom. BioScience, 56, 66-72. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2006)056[0066:ANMFAC]2.0.CO;2
[3] Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals by a committee of college and university examiners. New York: McKay.
[4] Bloom, B. S. (1964). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational objectives. Handbook I: The cognitive domain. New York: McKay.
[5] Bowen, M. (1978). Family therapy in clinical practice. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, Inc.
[6] Carey, M. E., & McCardle, M. (2011). Can an observational field model enhance critical thinking and generalist practice skills? Journal of Social Work Education, 47, 357-366. doi:10.5175/JSWE.2011.200900117
[7] Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) (2008). Educational & accreditation standards. www.cswe.org
[8] Douglas, N. L. (2000). Enemies of critical thinking: Lessons from social psychology research. Reading Psychology, 21, 129-144. doi:10.1080/02702710050084455
[9] Elder, L. (1996). Critical thinking and emotional intelligence. Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines, 16, 1-5.
[10] Ellis, A., & Dryden, W. (2007).The practice of rational emotive behavior therapy (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Publishing.
[11] Ellis, A. (2003). Early theories and practices of rational emotive behavior theory and how they have been augmented and revised during the last three decades. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 21, 219-243. doi:10.1023/A:1025890112319
[12] Facione, P. A., Facione, N. C., Blohm, S. W., & Giancarlo, C. A. (2002). The California Critical Thinking Skills Test: CCTST. Form A, Form B, and Form 2000. Test manual 2002 updated edition. Millbrae, CA: Insight Assessment.
[13] Gambrill, E., & Gibbs, L. (2009). Critical thinking for helping professionals: A skills-related workbook (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford Press.
[14] Gerdes, K. E., Segal, E. A., Jackson, K. F., & Mulling, J. L. (2011). Teaching empathy: A framework rooted in social cognitive neuroscience and social justice. Journal of Social Work Education, 47, 109-131. doi:10.5175/JSWE.2011.200900085
[15] Hayes, S. C., Bond, F. W., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Austin, J. (2007). Acceptance and mindfulness at work: Applying acceptance and commitment therapy and relational frame theory to organizational behavior management. Binhampton, NY: Hawthorn Press.
[16] Hayes, S. C., Follette, V. M., & Lineham, M. M. (2004). Mindfulness and acceptance: Expanding the cognitive-behavioral tradition. New York: The Gilford Press.
[17] Hayes, S. C., & Strosahl, K. D. (2004). A practical guide to acceptance and commitment therapy. New York: Springer Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-23369-7
[18] Kadushin, A., & Kadushin, G. (1997). The social work interview. New York: Columbia University Press.
[19] Kirst-Ashman, K. K., & Hull Jr., G. H. (2012). Understanding generalist practice (6th ed.). Brooks/Cole: Cengage Learning.
[20] Knight, C. (1992). Teaching critical thinking in the social sciences. New Directions for Community Colleges, 77, 63-73. doi:10.1002/cc.36819927707
[21] Krathwohl, D. R., Bloom, B. S., & Masia, B. B. (1964). Taxonomy of educational objectives: Handbook II: The affective domain. New York: McKay.
[22] Kurfiss, J. G. (1989). Helping faculty foster students’ critical thinking in the disciplines. In A. F. Lucas (Ed.), New directions for teaching and learning (p. 37). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
[23] Litvak, A., Bogo, M., & Mishna, F. (2010). Emotional reactions of students in field education: An exploratory study. Journal of Social Work Education, 46, 227-246. doi:10.5175/JSWE.2010.200900007
[24] Mumm, A., & Kensting, R. C. (1997). Teaching critical thinking in social work practice courses. Rhode Island College Faculty Publication Paper 143. http://digitalcommons.ric.edu/facultypublications/143
[25] Neuman, K., & Friedman, B. (2008). The art of effectively facilitating professional socialization in students through affective learning. Philadelphia, PA: Annual Program Meeting of the Council on Social Work Education.
[26] Ritchhart, R. (2011). Of dispositions, attitudes and habits: Exploring how emotions shape our thinking. Harvard Project Zero, 1-4. http://lemnweb.harvard.edu/alps/thinking/docs/Article1.html
[27] Titelman, P. (1998). Clinical applications of Bowen family systems theory. Binghamton, NY: The Haworth Press, Inc.
[28] van Gelder, T. (2005). Teaching critical thinking: Some lessons from cognitive science. College Teaching, 53, 41-46. doi:10.3200/CTCH.53.1.41-48

  
comments powered by Disqus
AASoci Subscription
E-Mail Alert
AASoci Most popular papers
Publication Ethics & OA Statement
AASoci News
Frequently Asked Questions
Recommend to Peers
Recommend to Library
Contact Us

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.