Do Really Close Stomata by Soil Drying ABA Produced in the Roots and Transported in Transpiration Stream?

DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.41022   PDF   HTML   XML   4,344 Downloads   5,983 Views   Citations


Stomatal aperture responses of Commelina communis L. between well watered plants and water stressed plants were investigated. To see the very rapid response to water stress, the plants were directly rooted out from the soil and exposed to the air immediately. Stomata, rooted out from the soil, were totally closed within 10 minutes without any detention time while the stomata of the plants in the soil had been kept opening. These results suggest that stomatal response to the abrupt water stress is very rapid indicating that guard cell itself or leaves could sense water status in the plants.

Share and Cite:

J. Lee, "Do Really Close Stomata by Soil Drying ABA Produced in the Roots and Transported in Transpiration Stream?," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2013, pp. 169-173. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.41022.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] D. J. Kim and J. S. Lee, “Current Theories for Mechanism of Stomatal Opening: Influence of Blue Light Mesophyll Cells, and Sucrose,” Journal of Plant Biology, Vol. 50, No. 5, 2007, pp. 523-526. doi:10.1007/BF03030704
[2] K. Raschke, “Action of Abscisic Acid on Guard Cells,” In: E. Zeiger, G. D. Farquhar and I. R. Cowan, Eds., Stomatal Function, Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1987, pp. 253-279.
[3] E. A. C. MacRobbie, “Calcium and ABA-Induced Stomatal Closure,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, Vol. 338, No. 1283, 1992, pp. 5-18. doi:10.1098/rstb.1992.0124
[4] J. S. Lee, “The Effects of Two Abscisic Acid Analogues, WL19224 and WL19377, on Stomatal Closure,” Journal of Plant Biology, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2000, pp. 56-59. doi:10.1007/BF03031037
[5] Y. Lee, Y. B. Choi, S. Sur, J. S. Lee, S. M. Assmann, C. O. Joe, J. F. Kellerher and R. C. Crain, “Abscisic Acid-Induced Phosphoinositide Turnover in Guard Cell Protoplasts of Vicia faba,” Plant Physiology, Vol. 110, No. 3, 1996, pp. 986-996.
[6] W. J. Davies and Z J. hang, (“Root Signals and the Regulation of Growth and Development of Plants in Drying Soil,” Annual Review of Plant Physiology & Plant Molecular Biology, Vol. 42, 1991, pp. 55-76. doi:10.1146/annurev.pp.42.060191.000415
[7] J. Zhang and W. J. Davies, “Sequential Response of Whole Plant Water Relations to Prolonged Soil Drying and the Involvement of Xylem Sap ABA in the Regulation of Stomatal Behaviour of Sunflower Plants,” New phytologist, Vol. 113, No. 2, 1989, pp. 167-174. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.1989.tb04703.x
[8] J. Zhang and W. J. Davies, “Changes in the Concentration of ABA in the Xylem Sap as a Function of Changing Soil Water Status Can Account for Changes in Leaf Conductance and Growth,” Plant Cell & Environment, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1990, pp. 277-285. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1990.tb01312.x
[9] F. Tardieu and W. J. Davies, “Stomatal Response to Abscisic Acid Is a Function of Current Plant Water Status,” Plant Physiology, Vol. 98, No. 2, 1992, pp. 540-545. doi:10.1104/pp.98.2.540
[10] C. L. Trejo, W. J. Davies and L. M. P. Ruiz, “Sensitivity of Stomata to Abscisic Acid,” Plant Physiology, Vol. 102, 1993, pp. 497-502.
[11] J. D. B. Weyers and A. J. Travis, “Selection and Preparation of Leaf Epidermis for Experiments on Stomatal Physiology,” Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1981, pp. 837-850. doi:10.1093/jxb/32.4.837
[12] J. S. Lee, “Stomatal Opening Mechanism of CAM Plants,” Journal of Plant Biology, Vol. 53, No. 1, 2010, pp. 19-23. doi:10.1007/s12374-010-9097-8
[13] J. S. Lee and D. J. F. Bowling, “Effect of the Mesophyll on Stomatal Opening in Commelina communis,” Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 43, No. 7, 1992, pp. 951- 957. doi:10.1093/jxb/43.7.951
[14] D. J. G. Gowing, H. G. Jones and W. J. Davies, “Xylem-Transported Abscisic Acid: The Relative Importance of Its Mass and Its Concentration in the Control of Stomatal Aperture,” Plant Cell and Environment, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1993, pp. 453-459. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1993.tb00892.x
[15] J. S. Lee and D. J. F. Bowling, “Influence of the Mesophyll on the Change of Electrical Potential Difference of Guard Cells Induced by Red Light and CO2 in Commelina communis L. and Tradescantia virginiana L.,” Korean Journal of Plant Biology, Vol. 36, No. 4, 1993, pp. 383-389.
[16] J. S. Lee and D. J. F. Bowling, “The Effect of a Mesophyll Factor on the Swelling of Guard Cell Protoplasts of Commelina communis L.,” Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 142, No. 2, 1993, pp. 203-207. doi:10.1016/S0176-1617(11)80964-8
[17] J. S. Lee, “The Relationship between Stomatal Opening and Photosynthetic Activity of the Mesophyll in Commelina communis L.,” Korean Journal of Environmental Science, Vol. 15, No. 12, 2006, pp. 1109-1117.
[18] C. Wildon, H. M. Doherty, G. Eagles, D. J. Bowles and J. F. Thain, “Systemic Responses Arising from Localized Heat Stimuli in Tomato Plants,” Annals of Botany, Vol. 64, No. 6, 1989, pp. 691-695.
[19] J. W. Van Sambeek and B. G. Pickard, “Mediation of Rapid Electrical, Metabolic, Transpirational, and Photosynthetic Changes by Factors Released from Wounds. I. Variation Potential and Putative Action Potentials in Intact Plants,” Canadian Journal of Botany, Vol. 54, No. 23, 1976, pp. 2642-2650. doi:10.1139/b76-284
[20] J. S. Lee and D. J. F. Bowling, “Influence of the Mesophyll on Stomatal Opening,” Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1995, pp. 356-363. doi:10.1071/PP9950357
[21] U. Ricca, “Solution d’un Probleme de Physiologie: La Propagation de Stimulus Dans la Sensitive,” Archives Italiennes de Biologie, Vol. 65, 1916, pp. 219-232.
[22] M. Malone and B. Stankovic, “Surface Potentials and Hydraulic Signals in Wheat Leaves Following Localized Wounding by Heat,” Plant Cell and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1991, pp. 431-436. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1991.tb00953.x
[23] T. C. Hsiao, “Plant Response to Water Stress,” Annual Review of Plant Physiology, Vol. 24, 1973, pp. 519-520. doi:10.1146/annurev.pp.24.060173.002511
[24] T. N. Burkley, “The Control of Stomata by Water Balance,” New Phytologist, Vol. 168, No. 2, 2005, pp. 275-292. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01543.x
[25] I. R. Cowan and G. D. Farquhar, “Stomatal Function in Relation to Leaf Metabolism and Environment,” Symposium Society of Experimental Biology, Vol. 31, 1977, pp. 471-505.
[26] L. Kappen, G. Andresen and R. Losch, “In Situ Observations of Stomatal Movements,” Journal of Experimental Biology, Vol. 38, No. 1, 1987, pp. 126-141.
[27] D. A. Grantz, “Plant Response to Atmosphere Humidity,” Plant Cell and Environment, Vol. 13, No. 7, 1990, pp. 667-679. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1990.tb01082.x
[28] K. A. Mott and D. F. Parkhurt, “Stomatal Response to Humidity in Air and Helix,” Plant Cell and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 5, 1991, pp. 509-512. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1991.tb01521.x
[29] J. L. Monteith, “A Reinterpretation of Stomatal Responses to Humidity,” Plant Cell and Environment, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1995, pp. 357-364. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1995.tb00371.x
[30] R. Oren, J. S. Sperry, G. G. Katul, D. E. Pataki, B. E. Ewers, N. Phillips and K. V. R. Schafer, “Survey and Synthesis of Intra- and Interspecific Variation in Stomatal Sensitivity to Vapour Pressure Deficit,” Plant Cell and Environment, Vol. 22, No. 12, 1999, pp. 1515-1526. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3040.1999.00513.x
[31] S. Wilkinson and W. J. Davies, “Xylem Sap pH Increase: A Drought Signal Received at the Apoplastic Face of the Guard Cell That Involves the Suppression of Saturable Abscisic Acid Uptake by the Epidermal Symplast,” Plant Physiology, Vol. 113, No. 2, 1997, pp. 559-573.
[32] A. Christmann, T. , Hoffmann L. Teplova, E. Grill and A. Muller, “Generation of Active Pools of Abscisic Acid Revealed by in Vivo Imaging of Water-Stressed Arabidopsis,” Plant Physiology, Vol. 137, No. 1, 2005, pp. 209- 219. doi:10.1104/pp.104.053082
[33] M. Seo and T. Koshiba, “Complex Regulation of ABA Biosynthesis in Plants,” Trends of Plant Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2002, pp. 41-48. doi:10.1016/S1360-1385(01)02187-2
[34] G. T. Huang, S. L. Ma, L. P. Bai, L. Zhang, H. Ma, P. Jia, Z. Liu, M. Zhong and Z. F. Guo, “Signal Transduction during Cold, Salt, and Drought Stresses in Plants,” Molecular Biology of Republic, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2012, pp. 969-987. doi:10.1007/s11033-011-0823-1
[35] J. K. Zhu, “Salt Drought Stress Signal Transduction in Plants,” Annual Review of Plant Biology, Vol. 53, 2002, pp. 247-273. doi:10.1146/annurev.arplant.53.091401.143329

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.