Share This Article:

A Novel Application in Green Chemical Processing Using Reject Brines and Carbon Dioxide as Raw Materials

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:143KB) PP. 154-156
DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.51A022    4,056 Downloads   5,788 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the concept of “green processing” will be applied, while explaining the role of sustainable development strategy with respect to the environmental issue. Two parameters are considered in the study by utilizing carbon dioxide and reject brine from desalination plants as raw materials to produce valuable chemical products and partially desalinated water.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

H. Abdel-Aal, K. Zohdy, M. Abdelkreem, S. Abdel-Hamid and M. Bassyouni, "A Novel Application in Green Chemical Processing Using Reject Brines and Carbon Dioxide as Raw Materials," Engineering, Vol. 5 No. 1A, 2013, pp. 154-156. doi: 10.4236/eng.2013.51A022.

References

[1] S. Dresner, “The Principles of Sustainability,” Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, 2002, p. 200.
[2] WCED, “Our Common Future,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987
[3] J. Elkington, “Cannibals with Forks,” Capstone Publishing Limited, Oxford, 2002.
[4] J. L. Hass and F. Brunvoll, “Overview of Sustainable Development,” Indicators Used by National and International Agencies, OECD Statistics Working Papers, OECD, Paris, 2002.
[5] IEA, “Energy Technology Perspectives 2008: Scenarios and Strategies to 2050,” OECD Publishing, Paris, 2008.
[6] OECD, “2007 Annual Report on Sustainable Development Work in the OECD,” 2007. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/38/21/40015309.pdf
[7] W. E. Eleazer, W. S. Odle, Y.-S. Wang and M. A. Barlaz, “Biodegradability of Municipal Waste Components in Laboratory-Scale Landfills,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 31, No 3, 1997, pp. 911-917. doi:10.1021/es9606788
[8] USEPA, “Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2005 Facts and Figures,” US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, 2006.
[9] M. Huber-Humer, J. Gebert and H. Hilger, “Biotic Systems to Mitigate Landfill Methane Emissions,” Waste Management Research, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2008, pp. 33-46. doi:10.1177/0734242X07087977
[10] M. Schorr, “Desalination, Trends and Technologies”, In Tech, 2011.
[11] B. Gugele, M. Ritter and K. Mareckova, “Greenhouse Gas Emission Trends in Europe, 1990-2000,” Topic Report 7/2002, European Environment Agency.
[12] E. J. Beckman, “Supercritical and Near-Critical CO2 in Green Chemical Synthesis and Processing” The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol. 28, No. 2-3, 2004, pp. 121191. doi:10.1016/S0896-8446(03)00029-9
[13] K. Al-Anezi, C. Somerfield, D. Mee and N. Hilal, “Parameters Affecting the Solubility of Carbon Dioxide in Seawater at the Conditions Encountered in MSF Desalination Plants,” Desalination, Vol. 222, No. 1-3, 2008, pp. 548-571. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2007.01.128
[14] M. Ahmed, W. H. Shayya, D. Hoey and J. Al-Handaly, “Brine Disposal from Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants in Oman and the United Arab Emirates,” Desalination, Vol. 133, No. 2, 2001, pp. 135-147. doi:10.1016/S0011-9164(01)80004-7
[15] S. A. Abdul-Wahab and M. A. Al-Weshahi, “Brine Management: Substituting Chlorine with on-Site Produced Sodium Hypochlorite for Environmentally Improved Desalination,” 2009. http://www.pedz.uni-mannheim.de/daten/edz-bn/eua/00/topic_6_2000.pdf
[16] H. K. Abdel-Aal, A. A. Ibrahim, M. A. Shalabi and D. K. Al-Harbi, “Chemical Separation Process for Highly Saline Water,” Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 35, No. 3, 1996, pp. 799-804. doi:10.1021/ie9405706
[17] ENPRO, Inc. http://www.enpro.no/en/technology.php

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.