Seasonal Influence on the Ambient Air Quality in Al Jahra City for Year 2010


Eight primary criteria air contaminants were measured continuously for the year 2010 to evaluate ambient air quality in Al Jahra, which is one of the oldest and busiest cities in the state of Kuwait. The state of the art instrumentation was used to record the pollutants concentration to ppb levels maintaining quality control and quality assurance. Hourly base data for Non-Methane Hydrocarons (NM-HC), CH4, CO, CO2, O3, SO2, NO2and Particulate Matter (PM10) were analyzed for year 2010. Meteorological parameters contributing to air pollution, such as (temperature, solar intensity, wind speed and direction) have also been considered. The effect of winter and summer seasonal changes on pollutant concentration levels were analyzed to identify the most probable sources for the application of the futuristic mitigation methods for pollution abatement. The obtained results consistently suggest that the foregoing pollutant concentration levels are higher in winter than summer due to poor dispersion and shallow inversion layer with the exception of O3, CO2and PM10. However, all of the pollutant concentrations are below the allowable standards limits except for NM-HC.

Share and Cite:

R. Alenezi, B. Al-Anzi, A. Abusam and A. Ashfaque, "Seasonal Influence on the Ambient Air Quality in Al Jahra City for Year 2010," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 3 No. 12, 2012, pp. 1711-1718. doi: 10.4236/jep.2012.312186.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. A. Al-Haider and S. M. Al-Salem, “Outdoor Air Quality Data Analysis of Al-Mansoriah Residential Area (Kuwait): Air Quality Indices Results,” Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 116, 2008, pp. 189-196.
[2] R. S. Ettouney, J. G. Zaki, M. A. El-Rifai and H. M. Ettouney, “An Assessment of the Air Pollution Data from Two Monitoring Stations in Kuwait,” Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 92, No 4. 2010, pp. 655-668. doi:10.1080/02772240903008609
[3] S. A. Abdul-Wahab, “Two Case Studies of Air Pollution from Oman and Kuwait,” International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 66, No. 2, 2009, pp. 179-191. doi:10.1080/00207230903069403
[4] A. A. Ramadan, M. Al-Sudairawi, S. Alhajraf and A. R. Khan, “Total SO2 Emissions from Power Stations and Evaluation of Their Impact in Kuwait Using a Gaussian plume Dispersion Model,” American Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2008, pp. 1-12. doi:10.3844/ajessp.2008.1.12
[5] G. Andria, G. Cavone and A. M. L. Lanzolla, “Modelling study for Assessment and Forecasting Variation of Urban Air Pollution,” Measurement, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2008, pp. 222-229. doi:10.1016/j.measurement.2007.06.004
[6] E. Al-Bassam and A. Khan, “Air Pollution and Road Traffic in Kuwait,” WIT Press, Dresden, 2004, pp. 741-750.
[7] W. S. Bouhamra and S. A. Abdul-Wahab, “Description of Outdoor Air Quality in a Typical Residential Area in Kuwait,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 105, No. 2, 1999, pp. 221-229. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(98)00221-8
[8] B. N. Al-Azmi, V. Nassehi and A. Khan, “SO2 and NOx Emissions from Kuwait Power Stations in Years 2001 and 2004 and Evaluation of the Impact of These Emissions on Air Quality Using Industrial Sources Complex Short-Term (ISCST) Model,” Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, Vol. 203, No. 203, 2009, pp. 169-178. doi:10.1007/s11270-009-0001-4
[9] S. A. Abdul-Wahab and W. S. Bouhamra, “Diurnal Variations of Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles in Residential Area,” International Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2004, pp. 73-98. doi:10.1080/0020723032000130034
[10] R. Alenezi and A. Ashfaque, “Assessment of Ambient Air Quality in Al Jahra Governorate, for 2008,” International Journal of Energy and Environment, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2011, pp. 582-591.
[11] E. Al-Bassam, V. Popov and A. Khan, “Air Quality in the Vicinity of a Governmental School in Kuwait,” Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 116, 2008, pp. 237-246.
[12] State of Kuwait, “Annual Statistical Abstract, 2008,” General Statistic Office, State of Kuwait, 2009.
[13] A.-N. Riga-Karandinos and C. Saitanis, “Comparative Assessment of Ambient Air Quality in Two Typical Mediterranean Coastal Cities in Greece,” Chemosphere, Vol. 59, No. 8, 2005 pp. 1125-1136. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.11.059
[14] J. Seinfeld and S. Pandis, “Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change,” Wiley Interscience, New York, 1998.
[15] M. S. Al-Rashidi, V. Nassehi and R. J. Wakeman, “Investigation of the Efficiency of Existing Air Pollution Monitoring Sites in the State of Kuwait,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 138, No. 2, 2005, pp. 219-229.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.