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Computer-Aided Solution to the Vibrational Effect of Instabilities in Gas Turbine Compressors

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DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.28084    4,991 Downloads   9,407 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Surge and stall are the two main types of instabilities that often occur on the compressor system of gas turbines. The effect of this instability often leads to excessive vibration due to the back pressure imposed to the system by this phenomenon. In this work, fouling was observed as the major cause of the compressor instability. A step to analyze how this phenomenon can be controlled with the continuous examination of the vibration amplitude using a computer approach led to the execution of this work. The forces resulting to vibration in the system is usually external to it. This external force is aerodynamic and the effect was modeled using force damped vibration analysis. A gas turbine plant on industrial duty for electricity generation was used to actualize this research. The data for amplitude of vibration varied between -15 and 15 mm/s while the given mass flow rate and pressure ratio were determined as falling between 6.1 to 6.8 kg/s and 9.3 to 9.6 respectively. A computer program named VICOMS written in C++ programming language was developed. The results show that the machine should not be run beyond 14.0 mm vibration amplitude in order to avoid surge, stall and other flow-induced catastrophic breakdown.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

E. Ogbonnaya, H. Ugwu and C. Johnson, "Computer-Aided Solution to the Vibrational Effect of Instabilities in Gas Turbine Compressors," Engineering, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2010, pp. 658-664. doi: 10.4236/eng.2010.28084.

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