Influenza epidemics and Spanish climatic domains


The present article proposes a climatic approach to the study of the interaction between influenza spreading and climatic and meteorological factors in different climatic domains of the Iberian Peninsula. This association can be used to help in the prevention and mitigation of influenza epidemics. A biometeorological index has been defined and applied to the epidemic periods that took place in the Iberian Peninsula between 2000 and 2009 considering its climatic domains.

Share and Cite:

Fdez-Arroyabe, P. (2012) Influenza epidemics and Spanish climatic domains. Health, 4, 941-945. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.430144.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[3] Lofgren, E., Fefferman, N.H., Naumov, Y.N., Gorski, J. and Naumova E.N. (2007) Influenza seasonality: Undelying causes and modeling theories. Journal of Virology, 81, 5429-5436. doi:10.1128/JVI.01680-06
[4] Dowell, S.F. (2001) Seasonal variation in host susceptibility and cycles of certain infectious diseases. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 7, 369-374.
[5] Beck, M.A., Handy J. and Levander, O.A. (2004) Host nutritional status: The neglected virulence factor. Trends in Microbiology, 12, 417-423.
[6] Epstein, P.R. (2001) Climate change and emerging infectious diseases. Microbes and Infection, 3, 747-754. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031
[7] McGregor, G.R. (2011) Human biometeorology. Progress in Physical Geography, 1-17. doi:10.1177/0309133311417942
[8] Burton, I., Ebi, K.L. and McGregor, G.R. (2009) Biometeorology for Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change. Biometeorology, 1, 1-5.
[9] Metz, B., Davidson, O.R., Bosch, P.R., Dave, R. and Meyer, L.A. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.
[10] Lowen, A.C., Mubareka, S., Tumpey, T.M., Garcia S.A.J. and Palese, P. (2006) The guinea pig as a transmission model for human viruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 103, 9988-9992. doi:10.1073/pnas.0604157103
[11] Fdez-Arroyabe, P. (2004) Climate, weather and flu diagnoses incidence in the region of Santander (Northern Spain) during the 1999-2000 epidemic diffusion period. Aerobiologia, 20, 223-228. doi:10.1007/s10453-004-1186-z
[12] Rasilla, D. (2000) Synoptic scale circulation conditions over the Iberian Peninsula during extreme NAO phases. International Geophysical Union. Chapman Conference on NAO, Orense.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.