Cadmium Toxicity in Plants and Role of Mineral Nutrients in Its Alleviation

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal that enters the environment through various anthropogenic sources, and inhibits plant growth and development. Cadmium toxicity may result from disturbance in plant metabolism as a consequence of disturbance in the uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients. Plant nutrients and Cd compete for the same transporters and, therefore, presence of Cd results in mineral nutrients deficiency. The optimization of mineral nutrients under Cd stress could reduce Cd toxicity by greater availability at the transport site resulting in reduced accumulation of Cd, and could also alleviate Cd-induced toxic effects by enhancing biochemical reactions and physiological processes in plants. In the present review the role of plant macro, micro and beneficial elements in alleviating Cd stress in crop plants is discussed.

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R. Nazar, N. Iqbal, A. Masood, M. Khan, S. Syeed and N. Khan, "Cadmium Toxicity in Plants and Role of Mineral Nutrients in Its Alleviation," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 10, 2012, pp. 1476-1489. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.310178.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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