Simulation on SO2 and NOX Emission from Coal–Fired Power Plants in North-Eastern North America

.
DOI: 10.4236/epe.2010.23028   PDF   HTML     9,940 Downloads   16,220 Views   Citations

Abstract

MM5-SMOKE-CMAQ regional air quality modeling system was used to simulate pollutants emission from coal–fired power plants in North-Eastern North America. The effects of SO2 and NOX on air quality producing from coal-fired power plants in the summer of 2001 were analyzed. Simulations show the contributions of SO2 and NOX emission from coal-fired power plants using different scenarios, coal-fired power plants from US and Canada contribute 67.2% and 32.8% for total SO2 concentration, 17.6% and 6.0% for total NOX concentration in researched domain. Some control measures for coal-fired power plants were discussed. Further controls for the emissions of SO2 and NOX from coal-fired power plants are necessary to reduce the adverse environmental effects.

Share and Cite:

S. Ma, "Simulation on SO2 and NOX Emission from Coal–Fired Power Plants in North-Eastern North America," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2010, pp. 190-195. doi: 10.4236/epe.2010.23028.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] L. Yang, I. Stulen, L. J. De Kok and Y. Zheng, “SO2, NOX and Acid Deposition Problems in China Impact on Agriculture,” Phyton-Annales Rei Botanicae, Vol. 42, 2002, pp. 255-264.
[2] M. V. Toro, L. V. Cremades and J. Calbo, “Relationship between VOC and NOX Emissions and Chemical Production of Tropospheric Ozone in the Aburra Valley (Colombia),” Chemosphere. Vol. 65, No. 5, 2006, pp. 881- 888.
[3] F. B. Chaaban, T. Mezher and M. Ouwayjan, “Options for Emissions Reduction from Power Plants: An Economic Evaluation,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2004, pp. 57- 63.
[4] M. Victor, “Recent EPA Regulatory Actions and Effects on NOX Controls,” Proceedings of the 2006 Environmental Controls Conference, U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, 2006, pp. 1-2.
[5] J. R. Swinton, “Phase I Completed: An Empirical Assessment of the 1990 CAAA,” Environmental & Resource Economics. Vol. 27, No. 3, 2004, pp. 227-246.
[6] J. H. Goo, M. F. Irfan, S. D. Kim and S. C. Hong, “Effects of NO2 and SO2 on Selective Catalytic Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides by Ammonia,” Chemosphere, Vol. 67, No. 4, 2007, pp. 718-723.
[7] D. Stevenson and R. Dale, “Limestone FGD System Retrofit to San Juan Generating Station: Start-up Problems and Performance Following Start-up,” Combined Power Plant Air Pollutant Control Mega Symposium, 2004, pp. 823-836.
[8] J. M. Hao, L. T. Wang, M. J. Shen, L. Li and J. N. Hu, “Air Quality Impacts of Power Plant Emissions in Beijing,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 147, No. 2, 2007, pp. 401-408.
[9] F. Mehdizadeh and H. S. Rifai, “Modeling Point Source Plumes at High Altitudes Using a Modified Gaussian Model,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 38, No. 6, 2004, pp. 821-831.
[10] R. P. Hermann, et al., “Predicting Premature Mortality from New Power Plant Development in Virginia,” Archives of Environmental Health, Vol. 59, No. 10, 2004, pp. 529-535.
[11] M. J. Martin, et al., “High Performance Air Pollution Modeling for a Power Plant Environment,” Parallel Computing, Vol. 29, No. 11-12, 2003, pp. 1763-1790.
[12] J. C. H. Fung, et al., “Observational and Modeling Analysis of a Severe Air Pollution Episode in Western Hong Kong,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, No. D9, 2005, p. 9105.
[13] J. Chen, R. Bornstein and C. G. Lindsey, “Transport of a Power Plant Tracer Plume over Grand Canyon National Park,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 38, No. 8, 1999, pp. 1049-1068.
[14] S. R. Springston, et al., “Chemical Evolution of an Isolated Power Plant Plume during the TexAQS 2000 Stu- dy,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 39, No. 19, 2005, pp. 3431-3443.
[15] J. C. St John and W. L. Chameides, “Possible Role of Power Plant Plume Emissions in Fostering O3 Exceedence Events in Atlanta, Georgia,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 105, No. D7, 2000, pp. 9203-9211.
[16] D. W. Byun and J. K. S. Ching, “Science Algorithms of the EPA Models-3 Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Modeling System,” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, NERL, Research Triangle Park, 1999.
[17] M. W. Gery, G. Z. Whitten, J. P. Killus and M. C. Dodge, “A Photochemical Kinetics Mechanism for Urban and Regional-Scale Computer Modeling,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 94, No. D10, 1989, pp. 12925-12956.
[18] M. Houyoux, J. Vukovich and J. Brandmeyer, “Sparse Matrix Kernel Emissions Modeling System: SMOKE User Manual,” MCNC-North Carolina Supercomputing Center, 2000.
[19] G. A. Grell, J. Dudhia and D. R. Stauffer, “A Description of the Fifth-generation Penn State/NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5),” NCAR Technical Note, NCAR, Boulder, CO, 1995.
[20] Y. R. Guo and S. Chen, “Terrain and Land Use for the Fifth- Generation Penn State/NCAR Mesoscale Modeling System (MM5): Program TERRAIN,” NCAR/TN-397+ IA NCAR Technical Note, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, 1994.
[21] U.S.EPA, “Acid Rain Program 2002 Progress Report,” EPA 430/R-03-011, Washington DC, 2003.
[22] S. Napolitano, J. Schreifels, G. Stevens, M. Witt, M. LaCount, R. Forte and K. Smith, “The U.S. Acid Rain Program: Key Insights from the Design, Operation, and Assessment of a Cap-and-Trade Program,” The Electricity Journal. Vol. 20, No. 7, 2007, pp. 47-58.
[23] NAPAP, “NAPAP Report to Congress: An Integrated Assessment National Acid,” Precipitation Assessment Program Office of the Director, Washington, D.C., 2005.
[24] M. R. Taylor, E. S. Rubin and D. A. Hounshell, “Control of SO2 Emissions from Power Plants: A Case of Induced Technological Innovation in the US,” Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 72, No. 6, pp. 697- 718, 2005.
[25] Y. P. Peng, K. S. Chen, C. H. Lai, P. J. Lu and J. H. Kao, “Concentrations of H2O2 and HNO3 and O3-VOC-NOX sensitivity in ambient air in southern Taiwan,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 40, No. 35, 2006, pp. 6741-6751.
[26] I. Filella and J. Penuelas, “Daily, Weekly and Seasonal Relationships among VOCs, NOX and O3 in a Semi-Urban Area near Barcelona,” Journal of Atmospheric Che- mistry, Vol. 54, No. 2, 2006, pp. 189-201.
[27] A. F. Stein, E. Mantilla and M. M. Millan, “Using Measured and Modeled Indicators to Assess Ozone-NOX- VOC Sensitivity in a Western Mediterranean Coastal Environment,” Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 39, No. 37, 2005, pp. 7167-7180.
[28] U.S. EPA, “National Air Quality and Emissions Trends Report, 1900-1998,” EPA 454/R-00-003, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, 2000.
[29] D. Burtraw, K. Palmer, R. Bharvirkar and A. Paul, “Restructuring and Cost of Reducing NOX Emissions in Electricity Generation,” Discussion Paper 01-10REV, Resources for the Future, Washington, DC, 2001.
[30] Y. Fu and M. D. Urmila, “Cost Effective Environmental Control Technology for Utilities,” Advances in Environmental Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2004, pp. 173-196.
[31] R. K. Srivastava, R. E Hall and S. Khan, “Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options for Coal-Fired Electric Utility Boilers,” Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, Vol. 55, No. 9, 2005, pp. 1367-1388.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.