Can Effects of Dark Matter Be Explained by the Turbulent Flow of Spacetime?


For the past forty years the search for dark matter has been one of the primary foci of astrophysics, although there has yet to be any direct evidence for its existence [1]. Indirect evidence for the existence of dark matter is largely rooted in the rotational speeds of stars within their host galaxies, where, instead of having a :r1/2 radial dependence, stars appear to have orbital speeds independent of their distance from the galactic center, which led to proposed existence of dark matter [1,2]. We propose an alternate explanation for the observed stellar motions within galaxies, combining the standard treatment of a fluid-like spacetime with the possibility of a “bulk flow” of mass through the Universe. The differential “flow” of spacetime could generate vorticies capable of providing the “perceived” rotational speeds in excess of those predicted by Newtonian mechanics. Although a more detailed analysis of our theory is forthcoming, we find a crude “order of magnitude” calculation can explain this phenomena. We also find that this can be used to explain the graviational lensing observed around globular clusters like “Bullet Cluster”.

Share and Cite:

Koch, F. and Wright, A. (2012) Can Effects of Dark Matter Be Explained by the Turbulent Flow of Spacetime?. Journal of Modern Physics, 3, 1123-1127. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2012.329146.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] T. A. Porter, R. P. Johnson and P. W. Graham, “Dark Matter Searches with Astroparticle Data,” Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 49, 2011, pp. 155-194. HUdoi:10.1146/annurev-astro-081710-102528U
[2] P. J. E. Peebles, “Principles of Physical Cosmology,” 1993.
[3] A. Klypin, A. V. Kravtsov, O. Valenzuela and F. Prada, “Where Are the Missing Galactic Satellites?” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 522, No. 1, 1999, pp. 82-92. HUdoi:10.1086/307643U
[4] S. Garbari, J. I. Read and G. Lake, “Limits on the Local Dark Matter Density,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 416, No. 3, 2011, pp. 2318-2340. HUdoi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19206.xU
[5] I. D. Karachentsev, “Missing Dark Matter in the Local Universe,” Astrophysical Bulletin, Vol. 67, No. 2, 2012, pp. 123-134. HUdoi:10.1134/S1990341312020010U
[6] V. Poitras, “Constraints on _(t)-Cosmology with Power Law Interacting Dark Sectors,” Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 6, 2012, p. 39. HUdoi:10.1088/1475-7516/2012/06/039U
[7] D. Sluse, V. Chantry, P. Magain, F. Courbin and G. Meylan, “COSMOGRAIL: The Cosmological Monitoring of Gravitational Lenses. X. Modeling Based on High- Precision Astrometry of a Sample of 25 Lensed Quasars: Consequences for Ellipticity, Shear, and Astrometric Anomalies,” A & A, Vol. 538, 2012, p. A99.
[8] B. P. Moster, R. S. Somerville, C. Maulbetsch, F. C. van den Bosch, A. V. Macci`o, T. Naab and L. Oser, “Constraints on the Relationship between Stellar Mass and Halo Mass at Low and High Redshift,” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 710, No. 2, 2010, pp. 903-923. HUdoi:10.1088/0004-637X/710/2/903U
[9] B. A. Benson, S. E. Church, P. A. R. Ade, J. J. Bock, K. M. Ganga, J. R. Hinderks, P. D. Mauskopf, B. Philhour, M. C. Runyan and K. L. Thompson, “Peculiar Velocity Limits from Measurements of the Spectrum of the Sunyaev Zeldovich Effect in Six Clusters of Galaxies,” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 592, 2003, pp. 674-691.
[10] S. Bhattacharya and A. Kosowsky, “Dark Energy Constraints from Galaxy Cluster Peculiar Velocities,” Physical Review D, Vol. 77, 2008, Article ID: 083004. HUdoi:10.1103/PhysRevD.77.083004U
[11] H. A. Feldman, R. Watkins and M. J. Hudson, “Cosmic Flows on 100 h-1 Mpc Scales: Standardized Minimum Variance Bulk Flow, Shear and Octupole Moments,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 407, No. 4, 2010, pp. 2328-2338. HUdoi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17052.xU
[12] S. J. Osborne, D. S. Y. Mak, S. E. Church and E. Pierpaoli, “Measuring the Galaxy Cluster Bulk Flow from WMAP Data,” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 737, No. 2, 2011, p. 98. HUdoi:10.1088/0004-637X/737/2/98U
[13] S. J. Turnbull, M. J. Hudson, H. A. Feldman, M. Hicken, R. P. Kirshner and R. Watkins, “Cosmic Flows in the nearby Universe from Type Ia Supernovae,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 420, No. 1, 2012, pp. 447-454. HUdoi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.20050.xU
[14] T. M. Braje, R. W. Romani and K. P. Rauch, “Light Curves of Rapidly Rotating Neutron Stars,” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 531, No. 1, 2000, pp. 447-452. HUdoi:10.1086/308448U
[15] T. S. van Albada and R. Sancisi, “Dark Matter in Spiral Galaxies,” Royal Society of London Philosophical Transactions Series A, Vol. 320, No. 1556, 1986, pp. 447-464. HUdoi:10.1098/rsta.1986.0128U
[16] C. W. Misner, K. S. Thorne and J. A. Wheeler, Gravitation. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Co., 1973.
[17] M. J. Longo, “Detection of a Dipole in the Handedness of Spiral Galaxies with Redshifts z ~ 0.04,” Physics Letters B, Vol. 699, No. 4, 2011, pp. 224-229. HUdoi:10.1016/j.physletb.2011.04.008U
[18] R. Ibata, A. Sollima, C. Nipoti, M. Bellazzini, S. C. Ch- apman and E. Dalessandro, “The Globular Cluster NGC 2419: A Crucible for Theories of Gravity,” Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 738, No. 2, 2011, p. 186. HUdoi:10.1088/0004-637X/738/2/186UH

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.