The Influence of Seawater on a Coastal Aquifer in an International Protected Area, Göksu Delta Turkey
Zeynel Demirel
.
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.27075   PDF   HTML     3,989 Downloads   7,351 Views   Citations

Abstract

Göksu Delta is an important wetland where the Göksu River reaches the sea in the eastern part of the town of Tasucu-Ice1. The delta is classified as a Wetland of International Importance according to the Ramsar Convention. In the Göksu Delta area, urban and agricultural expansions have caused an ever-growing need for fresh water. High groundwater pumping rates and overexploitation of the aquifers, leading to seawater mixing in the Göksu coastal aquifers. The chemical types of groundwater from alluvial aquifer are Ca-Mg-HCO3, but in the region where sea water mixing is occurred it changes and the Na and Cl ions are added to groundwater. The similar occurrence can be observed in the groundwater from the limestone aquifer. The chemical types of groundwater are Ca-HCO3 or Ca-Mg-HCO3 and they change to Ca-Na-Mg-HCO3-Cl in the vicinity of seawater mixing regions. A statistical comparative analysis also shows that some of the samples are affected by sea water mixing. The extent of seawater intrusion is reflected by the distribution of salinity and electrical conductivity as an equiconcentration map.

Share and Cite:

Z. Demirel, "The Influence of Seawater on a Coastal Aquifer in an International Protected Area, Göksu Delta Turkey," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 2 No. 7, 2010, pp. 651-659. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.27075.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Z. Ayas, N. Barlas Emir and D. Kolankaya, “Determina-tion of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Various En-vironments and Organisms in G?ksu Delta, Turkey,” Aquatic Toxicology, Vol. 39, No. 2, 1997, pp. 171-181.
[2] Z. Demirel, “Monitoring of Heavy Metal Pollution of Groundwater in a Phreatic Aquifer in Mersin-Turkey,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 132, No. 1-3, 2007, pp. 15-23.
[3] F. B. J. Glen, A. K. Godley and A. C. Broderick, “Marine Turtle Nesting in the Goksu Delta, Turkey, 1996,” Mar Turtle Newsl, Vol. 77, 1997, pp. 17-19.
[4] Z. Demirel, “G?ksu Deltas? Yeralt?suyu Kalitesinin Fo-tometrik ?l?ümler ?le Belirlenmesi ve Su Kalitesi- Co?rafi Bilgi Sisteminin Olu?turulmas?,” TUBITAK Project, No. 105Y285, 2008.
[5] A. J. Melloul and L. C. Goldenberg, “Monitoring of Seawater Mixing in Coastal Aquifers: Basic and Local Concerns,” Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 51, No. 1, 1997, pp. 73-86.
[6] P. A. Burrough and R. A. McDonnell, “Principles of Geo- graphical Information Systems,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998, p. 333.
[7] M. F. Goodchild, B. O. Parks and L. T. Steyaert, “Envi-ronmental Modeling with GIS,” Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993, p. 520.
[8] M. F. Troge, “A GIS Strategy for Lake Management Issues,” National Conference on Environmental Prob-lem-Solving with Geographic Information Systems, Cincinnati, 1994.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.