Neurosarcoidosis: An Illustrative Case and Review of Perioperative Considerations


Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Neurosarcoidosis (NS) is a rare but potentially devastating manifestation of sarcoidosis, with a prevalence of approximately 5% in patients with systemic sarcoidosis. Due to the possible involvement of any part of the nervous system, a myriad of neurological manifestations can occur. Clinical features resulting from involvement of the hypothalmo-pituitary axis and cranial nerves, in particular, cranial nerve VII are the more common presentations of this condition. Medical therapy with corticosteroids is the mainstay of treatment and providing tissue for diagnosis remains the principal indication for surgery. Therapeutically, neurosurgery is indicated only for life-threatening complications. We describe the clinical case of a patient with fatally progressive NS who had multiple anesthetic exposures. This case highlights the perioperative considerations of NS and its anesthetic implications.

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V. Arora and S. Mallu, "Neurosarcoidosis: An Illustrative Case and Review of Perioperative Considerations," Open Journal of Anesthesiology, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 170-175. doi: 10.4236/ojanes.2012.24038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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