Quantitative measurement of p53-p53 antibody interactions by quartz crystal microbalance: A modelsystem for immunochemical calibration


We are developing methods to quantify antibody interactions that include a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) system to measure, on a molecular basis, the interaction of p53 and anti-p53 antibodies. Previously, as a model system, we developed a measurement device consisting of p53 protein (human wild type), characterized by mass spectroscopy and immobilized at various concentrations on a glass slide. The device is designed as a control to be used with immunohistochemical (IHC) assays that incorporate commercially available anti-p53 antibodies and probes. In the current study, p53 protein is covalently immobilized on a silicon dioxide-coated quartz crystal and the resonance frequency shift is followed in-situ. The functionalized sensor is then incubated with the anti-p53 antibody, which provides a direct gravimetric measure of the antibody-antigen binding. This previously described method allows the comparison of the surface immobilized protein concentrations with estimates obtained by fluorescence measurement. The p53 functionalized QCM system offers an independent measure of surface immobilized protein concentration and is essential in development of our IHC calibration prototypes. These results provide a benchmark for comparing antibody systems that may be used in developing other molecular diagnostic assays such as immunocytochemical analysis and the detection of biomarker proteins in blood and urine.

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H. Atha, D. and Reipa, V. (2012) Quantitative measurement of p53-p53 antibody interactions by quartz crystal microbalance: A modelsystem for immunochemical calibration. Journal of Biophysical Chemistry, 3, 211-220. doi: 10.4236/jbpc.2012.33024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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