Share This Article:

Computational Approach to Modelling Fracture Behaviour of Polypropylene/Talc Composites

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:443KB) PP. 841-847
DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.118076    3,537 Downloads   4,819 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Fracture represents one of the major problems associated with the selection and use of engineering materials for high temperature applications. The fracture toughness is of special relevance on the design of components. In this work, the fracture behavior of Polypropylene/Talc composites was studied. From the results of the tensile and flexural tests conducted on the composite, scatter diagrams were made using Microsoft Excel to evaluate and show the effect of the addition of the talc filler as it affects the tensile strength, percentage elongation at break, flexural strength and modulus. In order to give additional analysis, the talc filler content effect was presented mathematically to further describe explicitly the various equations associated with each scatter diagram earlier developed using Microsoft Excel. The mathematical expression developed shows the actual talc filler content on the fracture mechanical properties of the sample composite.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

C. Mgbemena and O. Okoye, "Computational Approach to Modelling Fracture Behaviour of Polypropylene/Talc Composites," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 8, 2012, pp. 841-847. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.118076.

References

[1] M. Harikishan and K. Sandeep, “Parameter Analysis of Creep Models of Polypropylene/Calcium Carbonate Nano-composites,” Master’s Thesis, Blekinge Institute of Tech- nology, Karlskrona, 2007.
[2] E. Manias, “Nanocomposites: Stiffer by Design,” Nature Materials, Vol. 6, 2007, pp. 9-11. doi:10.1038/nmat1812
[3] G. E. Dieter, “Mechanical Metallurgy,” SI Metric Edition, McGraw Hill, Boston, 1988.
[4] J. Karger-Kocsis, “Microstructural Aspects of Fracture in Polypropylene and in Its Filled Chopped Fibre and Fibre Mat Reinforced Composites,” In: J. Karger-Kocsis, Ed., Polypropylene: Structure, Blends and Composites: Struc-ture and Morphology Copolymers and Blends Composites, Vol. 3, Chapman and Hall, London, 1995, pp. 142-201.
[5] C. O. Mgbemena, “Evaluation of the Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene/Calcium Carbonate Nanocomposites at Various Creep Conditions,” Masters’ Thesis, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, 2010.
[6] O. A. Okoye, “Fracture Mechanical Behavior of Poly-propylene/Talc Composites,” Master’s Thesis, Nnamd Azikiwe University, Awka, 2011.
[7] B. Pukánszky, “Particulate Filled Polypropylene: Structure and Properties,” In: J. Karger-Kocsis, Ed., Polypropylene: Structure, Blends and Composites: Structure and Morphology Copolymers and Blends Composites, Vol. 3, Chapman and Hall, London, 1995, pp. 1-70.
[8] B. Pukánszky, “Fillers for Polypropylene,” In: J. Karger-Kocsis, Ed., Polypropylene. An A-Z Reference, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 1999, pp. 240-246.
[9] T. H. Ferrigno, “Principles of Filler Selection and Use,” In: H. S. Katz, J. V. Milewski, Eds., Handbook of Fillers and Reinforcements for Plastics, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1987, pp. 8-62.
[10] B. Weidenfeller, M. H?fer and F. Schillling, “Cooling Behaviour of Particle Filled Polypropylene during Injection Moulding Process,” Composites Part A: Applied Sci- ence and Manufacturing, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1995, pp. 345- 351.
[11] K. Friedrich and U. A. Karsch, “Failure Processes in Par-ticulate Filled Polypropylene,” Journal of Materials Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 8, 1981, pp. 2167-2175. doi:10.1007/BF00542377
[12] Y. Qiu, Z. Lin and K. Mai, “Fracture Morphology of Mg(OH)2/Polypropylene Composites Modified by Functionalized Polypropylene,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 88, No. 9, 2002, pp. 2148-2159. doi:10.1002/app.11763
[13] L. E. Nielsen and R. F. Landel, “Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites,” 2nd Edition, Marcel Dekher, New York, 1994.
[14] E. J. Guth, “Theory of Filler Reinforcement,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1945, pp. 20-25. doi:10.1063/1.1707495
[15] A. V. Zhuk, N. N. Knunyants, V. G. Oshmyan, V. A. Topolkaraev and A. A. Berlin, “Debonding Microprocesses and Interfacial Strength in Particle-Filled Polymer Materials,” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 28, No. 17, 1993, pp. 4995-5606. doi:10.1007/BF00414247
[16] J. Mózczó and B. Pukánszky, “Polymer Micro and Nanocomposites: Structure, Interactions, Properties,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2008, pp. 535-563.
[17] W. J. Kissel, J. H. Han and J. A. Meyer, “Polypropylene: Structure, Properties, Manufacturing and Applications,” In: H. Karian, Ed., Handbook of Polypropylene, Marcel Dekker AG, Basel, 2003, pp. 10-27.
[18] P. S. Theocaris and C. B. Demakos, “Crack Propagation Modes in Particulates: A Study Approaching Reality,” Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 22, No. 2, 1988, pp. 154-176. doi:10.1177/002199838802200204

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.