Three-dimensional seismic attenuation tomography of Egypt

DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.428081   PDF   HTML   XML   5,573 Downloads   8,902 Views  


The main purpose of the paper is assessing the three-dimensional (3-D) seismic tomography beneath Egyptto reveal the laws of the tectonic activity, dynamic features of the crust and the upper mantle as well as the thermal structure. Thecoda wave attenuation (Q-1c ) was obtained using the single scattering theory for the central frequencies of interest laid between 1 and 24 Hz. A regionalization of the estimated Q-1c values was performed by means of a generalized inversion technique.The obtained spatial distribution of 3-D attenuation results revealshigh contrasts between East and West Egypt. A remarkable contrast in the attenuation levels was compared with the tectonic structures, geothermal gradient and heat flow features. The highest attenuations are concentrated in the east and north western offshore regionsat central frequency 1.5 Hzthat draw a good matching with the seismic andthermal features of Egypt. Smaller attenuation levels were detected with young sediments of the Nile Valley from South to the northern triangle of Nile Delta basin except seismic active areas. Low or normal attenuation was detected at western desert where there is a stable and simple shelf. We can conclude that the extended highest attenuation joins to the strong seismic sources and geothermal structures at lower frequency and the centralized high attenuation takes place at moderate seismic sources at a higher frequency. The 3D attenuation maps can draw not only tectonic and geothermal structures but also the general geologic structure map.

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Fergany, E. , Abass, M. and Vargas, C. (2012) Three-dimensional seismic attenuation tomography of Egypt. Natural Science, 4, 608-623. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.428081.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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