Intelligent MSW Biocell Approach for Efficient Methane Production


The aim of this research is to provide approach to enhance methane production and to convert CO2 released into methane via anaerobic degradation. Despite CH4 has more global warming potential than CO2 but it is less available in the environment and it has fuel value. This research suggests approach that methane is being stimulated and carbon dioxide is being converted to methane. The methane enhancement herein is achieved via technical and intelligent processes. The technical processes entail leachate and carbon dioxide recirculation. The recirculated leachate is controlled via fuzzy intelligent system that acquires values of abiotic factors such as C:N:P, pH, temperature, and moisture content, and then these values are introduced to trained fuzzy system to decide the value of methane production quality. The fuzzy logic proceeds in systematic sequence as input, inference through rules, and output. If the fuzzy logic output decision indicates bad production, then the value of aboitic factors are dynamically altered with optimized combination of values. Carbon dioxide is being re-circulated in order to convert it biologically to methane by hydrogenotrophic methanogens. The hydrophobic permeable membranes are used as planes through the solid waste. These selective membranes are used to separate biogas and to have smooth and fast transfer of biogas from waste to the storage. The approach of this research is believed to be as a new generation of sustainable green bio-fuel biocells.

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Qasaimeh, A. (2012) Intelligent MSW Biocell Approach for Efficient Methane Production. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 1, 24-30. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2012.12003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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