Analysis of the Machining Characteristics on Surface Roughness of a Hybrid Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite (Al6061-SiC-Al2O3)


Aluminium metal matrix composites are finding increased applications in many areas. Adding of the third element to the metal matrix make the composite hybrid. This paper presents the study on the surface roughness characteristics of a hybrid aluminium metal matrix (Al6061-SiC-Al2O3) composites. The experimental studies were carried out on a lathe. The composites were prepared using the liquid metallurgy technique, in which 3, 6 and 9 wt % of particulates SiC and Al2O3 were dispersed in the base matrix. The obtained cast composites were carefully machined. The characteristics that influence the surface roughness such as feed rate, depth of cut and cutting speed were studied, which made the analysis come to a conclusion that the surface roughness is increases with the increase of feed rate and it reduces the surface roughness with the increase of cutting speed.

Share and Cite:

T. Sasimurugan and K. Palanikumar, "Analysis of the Machining Characteristics on Surface Roughness of a Hybrid Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite (Al6061-SiC-Al2O3)," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 13, 2011, pp. 1213-1224. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.1013094.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Monaghan JM (1994) The use of quick stop test to study the chip formation of an SiC/Al metal matrix composite and its matrix alloy. Process Adv Mater 4:170–179
[2] Palanikumar K, Karthikeyan R (2007) Assessment of factors influencing surface roughness on the machining of Al/SiC particulate composites. Mater Des 28:1584–1591
[3] Basheer AC, Dabade UA, Joshi SS, Bhanuprasad VV, Gadre VM (2008) Modeling of surface roughness in precision machining of metal matrix composites using ANN. J Mater Process Technol 197:439–444
[4] Hung N.P, Boey FYC, Khor KA, Oh CA, Lee HF (1995) Machinability of cast and powder formed aluminum alloys reinforced with SiC particles. Journal of Material Processing Technology 48:291-297
[5] N. Tomac, K. Tonnessen (1992) Machinability of particulate aluminium matrix composites, Ann. CIRP 41 (1):55–58
[6] Durante S, Rutelli G, Rabezzana F (1997) Aluminum based MMC machining with diamond-coated cutting tools. Surface Coating Technology 94-95:632-640
[7] Lane CT (1992) Machinability of Al composites as a function of matrix alloy and heat treatment, in: Proceedings of the Machining of Composites Materials Symposium. ASM Materials Week, Chicago, IL, pp 3–15
[8] Sahin Y, Kok M, Celik H (2002) Tool wear and surface roughness of Al2O3 particle-reinforced aluminium alloy composites. J Mater Process Technol 128:280–291
[9] Finn M, Srivastava A (1996). Machining of advanced and engineered materials, in: Proceedings of the CSME Symposium. McMaster University, pp. 616-623.
[10] El-Gallab M, Sklad M (1998) Machining of Al/SiCp metal matrix composites. Part I, Tool performance. J Mater Process Technol 83:151–158
[11] Yanming Q, Zehna Z (2000) Tool wear and its mechanism for cutting SiCp reinforced Al matrix composites. J Mater Process Technol 100:194–199
[12] Joshi SS, Ramakrishnan N, Ramakrishnan P (1999) Analysis of chip breaking during orthogonal machining of Al/SiCp composites. J Mater Process Technol 88:90–96
[13] Lin JT, Bhattacharya D, Lane CT (1995) Machinability of a silicon carbide reinforced aluminium metal matrix composite. Wear 181:883–888
[14] Chandrasekaran H, Johansson JO (1997) Influence of processing conditions and reinforcement on the surface quality of finish machined aluminium alloy matrix composites. Ann CIRP 46(1):493–496
[15] Pendse DM, Joshi SS (2004) Modeling and optimization of machining process in discontinuously reinforced aluminum matrix composites. Int J Mach Sci Technol 8(1):85–102
[16] Metin Kok (2011) Modelling the effect of surface roughness factors in the machining of 2024 Al/Al2O3 particle composites based on orthogonal arrays. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 170-010-3134
[17] N.Muthukrishnan, M.Murugan, K.Prahlada Rao (2007) An Investigation on the machinability of Al-SiC metal matrix composites using PCD inserts 38:447-454
[18] Lane C (1992), The effect of different reinforcements on PCD tool life for aluminium composites. Proceedings of the machining of Composites Materials Symposium. ASM Material week, Chicago, IL 1-5:17-27.
[19] A.R. Boccaccini, G. Ondracek, P. Mazilu, D. Windelberg, J. Mech.Behav. Mater. 4 (1993) 119.
[20] V.V. Ganesh, M. Gupta, Mater. Sci. Technol. 17 (2001) 1465.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.