Characterization of Ceramic Filled Polymer Matrix Composite Used for Biomedical Applications

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:512KB) PP. 1167-1178
DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.1012089    4,545 Downloads   6,769 Views   Citations


A particulate composite material was prepared by adding (CaCO3, CaO, MgCO3, MgO) ceramic particles with particle size of (< 53 μm) to unsaturated polyester resin with weight fraction of (3, 6, 9, 12, 15)% and fixed amount of CaF2 (0.5% wt.). The results had revealed that the maximum values of tensile strength, compression, bending strength, hardness, impact energy and water absorption%, were (57.6828 N/mm2 at 3% wt. CaCO3, 124.0965 N/mm2 at 9% wt. CaCO3, 102.188 N/mm2 at 9% wt. MgO, 88.2 Shore D at 9% wt. CaCO3, 0.27 J at 6%wt. CaCO3 and 0.8432 % at 15%wt.CaO) compared with reference values, i.e.( 37.4742 N/mm2, 100.3563 N/mm2, 34.194 N/mm2, 83 Shore D, 0.36 J and 0.2626%) respectively.

Cite this paper

W. Hanna, F. Gharib and I. Marhoon, "Characterization of Ceramic Filled Polymer Matrix Composite Used for Biomedical Applications," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 12, 2011, pp. 1167-1178. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.1012089.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Williams DF., "Definitions in biomaterials. Proceedings of a consensus conference of the european society for biomaterials", vol. 4. Chester, England, March 3–5, 1986. New York:Elsevier, 1987.
[2] Gunatillake PA, Adhikari R, Biodegradable synthetic polymers for tissue engineering. Eur Cell Mater J, 5:1-16, 2003.
[3] K. Rezwan, Q.Z. Chen, J.J. Blaker, Aldo Roberto Boccaccini, Biodegradable and bioactive porous polymer/inorganic composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering, Biomaterials 27 (2006) 3413–3431.
[4] Hench LL, Polak JM. Third-Generation Biomedical Materials. Science 2002; 295:1014-1017.
[5] Kim HW, Knowles JC, Kim HE. Hydroxyapatite/poly([epsilon]-caprolactone) composite coatings on hydroxyapatite porous bone scaffold for drug delivery. Biomaterials; 25:1279–1287, 2004.
[6] Gittens SA, Uludag H. Growth factor delivery for bone tissue engineering. J Drug Target; 9:407–29, 2001.
[7] Jaafar Al-Haidari, Engineering Materials Tests, Dar Al-Motaz for publication and distribution, first edition ,Jordan, 2005
[8] Qahtan Kahlf Al-Khazraji, Adel Mahmoud Hassan, Abd El Gawad Mohamed Sharif; Engineering materials and their tests; Dar Djlah for publication and distribution, first edition, Jordan ,2009
[9] Mohammed Ismail Omar, Quality and plastic materials tests, Dar al-kotob al-ilmiyah for Publishing and Distribution, Lebanon, 2001
[10] H. V. Ramakrishna , S. K. Rai ; Effect on the Mechanical Properties and Water Absorption of Granite Powder Composites on Toughening Epoxy with Unsaturated Polyester and Unsaturated Polyester with Epoxy Resin; SAGE Publications, Journal of REINFORCED PLASTICS AND COMPOSITES, Vol. 25, No. 1/2006.
[11] Ganiyu K. Latinwo, David S. Aribike, Layioye O. Oyekunle2, Akpoveta A. Susu , Semiu A. Kareem ; EFFECTS OF CALCIUM CARBONATE OF DIFFERENT COMPOSITIONS AND PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS ON THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLEXIBLE POLYURETHANE FOAM; Nature and Science 2010;8(9): pages 92-101. (ISSN: 1545-0740).
[12] B. Shivamurthy, Siddaramaiah , M.S. Prabhuswamy ; Influence of SiO2 Fillers on Sliding Wear Resistance and Mechanical Properties of Compression Moulded Glass Epoxy Composites ; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 8, No.7, pp 513-530, 2009.
[13] M.S. Sreekanth , V.A. Bambole, S.T. Mhaske1, P.A. Mahanwar ; Effect of Particle Size and Concentration of Flyash on Properties of Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomer Composites ; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 8, No.3, pp 237-248, 2009.
[14] M. S. Sreekanth1, V. A. Bambole2, S. T. Mhaske1, P. A. Mahanwar ; Effect of Concentration of Mica on Properties of Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomer Composites ; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 8, No.4, pp 271-282,2009
[15] Suryasarathi Bose and P.A.Mahanwar; Effect of Particle Size of Filler on Properties of Nylon-6; Journal of Minerals & Materials Characterization & Engineering, Vol. 3, No.1, pp 23-31, 2004.
[16] Roger N. Rothon; Editor, Particulate-Filled Polymer Composites, second edition, Rapra Technology Limited, UK,2003.
[17] Shao-Yun Fu , Xi-Qiao Feng , Bernd Lauke , Yiu-Wing Mai ,effects of particle size,particle/matrix interface adhesion and particle loading on mechanical properties of particulate-polymer composites, Elsevier, Composites part B 39 (2008) 933-961.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.