Evaluation of the Compressive Strength of Hybrid Clay Bricks

DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.107046   PDF   HTML     6,966 Downloads   9,240 Views   Citations


This work has presented the evaluation of the compressive strength of hybrid clay bricks from interlocking brick making machine. The mixture of clay and cement at varying proportions was loaded into the mould compartment, mechanically rammed and hydraulically controlled. The raw clay was sourced from Ilesa and Akure in the south-western part of Nigeria. The results showed that when the cement content was 6%, the highest compressive load and energy at break were obtained in hybrid bricks from both Ilesa and Akure samples. However, the optimum service performance under compressive loading was attained at 6% cement in Ilesa hybrid bricks. Ilesa hybrid bricks possess better reliability and workability under loading than the Akure bricks.

Share and Cite:

O. Azeez, O. Ogundare, T. Oshodin, O. Olasupo and B. Olunlade, "Evaluation of the Compressive Strength of Hybrid Clay Bricks," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 7, 2011, pp. 609-615. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.107046.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Ummi Kalsum, H.M.N, Mashitah, M.D. and Badorul, A.B. 2008. Recycling of clay based demolition wastes for the production of concrete block. A paper delivered at International Conference on Environment (ICENV 2008).
[2] López-Arce, P., Garcia-Guinea, J., Gracia, M., and Obis, J. 2003. “Bricks in historical buildings of Toledo City: Characterization and restoration.” Mater. Charact., 50, 59–68.
[3] Cardiano, P., Ioppolo, S., Stefano, C., Pettignano, A., Sergi, S., and Piraino,P. 2004. “Study and characterization of the ancient bricks of Monastery of “San Filippo di Fragalà” in Frazzanó _Sicily_.” Anal. Chim. Acta, 519 (1), 103–111.
[4] Pauri, M., Stazi, A., Mastrosanti, F., and D’Orazio, M. (1994). “The decay of ancient building masonry, a case study.” Proc., 10th International Brick/Block Masonry Conference Calgary, Canada, 1295–1304.
[5] Wijffels, T., and Nijland, T. G. 2004. “Deterioration of historic brick masonry due to combined gypsum, ettringite and thaumasite: A case study.” Proceedings of 13th International Brick/Block Masonry Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 809–815.
[6] Cultrone, G., De la Torre, M. J., Sebastian, E. M., Cazalla, O., and Rodriguez-Navarro, C. 2000. “Behavior of brick samples in aggressive environments.” Water, Air, Soil Pollution, 119, 191–207.
[7] Binda, L., Baronio, G., and Ferrieri, E. D. _1996a_. “Full-scale models for the calibration of laboratory ageing tests.” Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, Stockholm, Sweden, 559–568.
[8] Binda, L., Baronio, G., and Ferrieri, E. D. 1997. “Durability of brick masonry surface treatments to salt crystallization.” Proc., 11th International Brick/Block Masonry Conf., Shanghai, China, 732–747.
[9] Adeola, J.O., 1977. A Review of Masonry Block/Brick Types Used for Building in Nigeria. Unpublished M.Eng. Thesis, University of Benin, Benin-City.
[10] Bukar, Y. A. 1992. “Benefits of Enhanced Product Quality for Industries like Aluminum, Steel, Auto Mobile and related Industries” been paper presented at the seminar on Strategy for developing Local Raw Materials for Metallurgical and Building Industries.
[11] Hassan, A.B. and Bukar, Y. A. 2009. Design and Fabrication of a Compression Strength Testing Machine for Blocks and Clay Bricks. Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies. 14,142-153.
[12] Francisco Fernandes and Paulo B. Louren?o. 2007. Evaluation of the Compressive Strength of Ancient Clay Bricks Using Microdrilling. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 19(9): 791-800.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.