Electromagnetic nature of nuclear forces and the toroid structure of the helion and the alpha particle


In the present paper, we consider the nucleons in the helium-3 and helium-4 nuclei as tori. These tori rotate with constant angular velocity around an axis, which is perpendicular to the rotation plane and passes through the centre of mass of the nuclei. Based on exact analytical expressions for the electrostatic interaction between two spheres with arbitrary radii and charges derived by us recently, we find that the well-known potential binding energy for the helion and for the alpha particle is of electromagnetic character. Using the above mentioned formulae, we find the interaction force in the nuclei under consideration. Our toroid model recovers the basic experimental results not only for the binding energy, but also for the stability, radii, spins and the magnetic moments of the helion and the alpha particle.

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Kolikov, K. (2012) Electromagnetic nature of nuclear forces and the toroid structure of the helion and the alpha particle. Natural Science, 4, 484-491. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.47065.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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