In-Vitro Studies of Artificially Removed Human Renal Stone Minerals by Sonic Engineering Approach-I

DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.81007   PDF   HTML     2,713 Downloads   3,557 Views   Citations


Ultrasonic waves are the main tools for measuring the unknown parameters in science and technological analysis of a particular biological sample. The sonic wave velocity measurement applied in the in-vitro & in-vivo studies in medical fields has been made in different renal stones removed from the human kidney. The samples were analyzed at different frequencies and the corresponding wavelength at room temperature (305K) were found. The experimental results have been used to calculate many physical constants of the samples, such as stone density, sonic velocity, acoustical wavelength, specific acoustic impedance, transmitivity, reflectivity and dynamic modulus of elasticity. The investigated results have been agreed to the reported information.

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G. Kanchana, P. Sundaramoorthi and G. Jeyanthi, "In-Vitro Studies of Artificially Removed Human Renal Stone Minerals by Sonic Engineering Approach-I," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 8 No. 1, 2009, pp. 73-78. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.81007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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