The Role of International Entrepreneurship Capability on International Performance in Born Global Firms


More than two decades, international entrepreneurship (IE) has come out as a distinct academic discipline, and that concentrates on firms that become international from inception or near after it. However, comparatively little is known about the international entrepreneurship (IE), its capability and what drives the international performance of these firms with early and rapidly internationalizations. Therefore, the objective of the investigation is to reveal the dimensions of international entrepreneurial capability (IEC) and its effect on international performance (IP) in born global firms. The study will give an instruction to the born global (BG) managers, vision and strategy to the policymakers, and introduce the effectiveness role of international entrepreneurship capability (IEC) on international performance.

Share and Cite:

A. Roudini and M. Osman, "The Role of International Entrepreneurship Capability on International Performance in Born Global Firms," iBusiness, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2012, pp. 126-135. doi: 10.4236/ib.2012.42015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] P. McDougall and B. Oviatt, “International Entrepreneurship: The Intersection of Two Research Paths,” Aca- demy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, No. 5, 2000, pp. 902-906. doi:10.2307/1556418
[2] M. M. Keupp and O. Gassmann, “The Past and the Future of International Entrepreneurship: A Review and Suggestions for Developing the Field,” Journal of Management, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2009, pp. 600-633. doi:10.1177/0149206308330558
[3] Knight, G. and S. Cavusgil, “Innovation, Organizational Capabilities, and the Born-Global Firm,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2004, pp. 124-142. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400071
[4] K. Ohmae, “The Borderless World,” HarperCollins, New York, 1990.
[5] E. Autio, H. J. Sapienza and J. G. Almeida, “Effects of Age at Entry, Knowledge Intensity, and Imitability on International Growth,” The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, No. 5, 2000, pp. 909-924. doi:10.2307/1556419
[6] S. A. Zahra, “A Theory of International New Ventures: A Decade of Research,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 36, No. 1, 2005, pp. 20-28. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400118
[7] P. P. McDougall and B. Oviatt, “Toward a Theory of International New Ventures,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1994, pp. 45-64. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490193
[8] M. Peng, “The Resource-Based View and International Business,” Journal of Management, Vol. 27, No. 6, 2001, p. 803. doi:10.1177/014920630102700611
[9] J. Lu and P. Beamish, “The Internationalization and Performance of SMEs,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 22, No. 6-7, 2001, pp. 565-586.
[10] B. Oviatt and P. McDougall, “A Framework for Understanding Accelerated International Entrepreneurship,” Research in Global Strategic Management, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1999, pp. 23-40.
[11] P. W. Beamish and N. C. Lupton, “Managing Joint Ventures,” The Academy of Management Perspectives, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2009, pp. 75-94. doi:10.5465/AMP.2009.39985542
[12] M. Ruzzier, R. D. Hisrich and B. Antoncic, “SME Internationalization Research: Past, Present, and Future,” Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2006, pp. 476-497. doi:10.1108/14626000610705705
[13] Y. Yamakawa, M. W. Peng and D. L. Deeds, “What Drives New Ventures to Internationalize from Emerging to Developed Economies?” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2008, pp. 59-82. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00216.x
[14] H. J. Sapienza, et al., “A Capabilities Perspective on the Effects of Early Internationalization on Firm Survival and Growth,” The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2006, pp. 914-933. doi:10.5465/AMR.2006.22527465
[15] S. H. Hymer, “The International Operations of National Firms: A Study of Direct Foreign Investment,” Stephen Herbert Hymer, Cambridge, 1976.
[16] S. Zaheer, “Overcoming the Liability of Foreignness,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 38, No. 2, 1995, pp. 341-363. doi:10.2307/256683
[17] J. Yu, B. A. Gilbert and B. M. Oviatt, “Effects of Alliances, Time, and Network Cohesion on the Initiation of Foreign Sales by New Ventures,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2011, pp. 424-446. doi:10.1002/smj.884
[18] M. Zhang, P. Tansuhaj and J. McCullough, “International Entrepreneurial Capability: The Measurement and a Comparison between Born Global Firms and Traditional Exporters in China,” Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2009, pp. 292-322. doi:10.1007/s10843-009-0042-1
[19] P. Liesch, et al., “Born to Be Global,” A Research Project Undertook by Executive Summary and the university of Queensland business school, 2007.
[20] G. Knight, T. K. Madsen and P. Servais, “An Inquiry into Born-Global Firms in Europe and the USA,” International Marketing Review, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2004, pp. 645-665. doi:10.1108/02651330410568060
[21] D. Crick and M. V. Jones, “Small High-Technology Firms and International High-Technology Markets,” Journal of International Marketing, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2000, pp. 63-85. doi:10.1509/jimk.
[22] A. Aspelund, T. K. Madsen and O. Moen, “A Review of the Foundation, International Marketing Strategies, and Performance of International New Ventures,” European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 41, No. 11-12, 2007, pp. 1423-1448. doi:10.1108/03090560710821242
[23] S. Chetty and C. Campbell-Hunt, “A Strategic Approach to Internationalization: A Traditional versus a ‘Born-Global’ Approach,” Journal of International Marketing, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2004, pp. 57-81. doi:10.1509/jimk.
[24] R. Sembhi, “Capabilities Enabling Product Orientation and Service Orientation: A Study of Canadian Software Firms,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, 2010.
[25] R. Nelson and S. Winter, “Firm and Industry Response to Changed Market Conditions: An Evolutionary Approach,” Economic Inquiry, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1980, pp. 179-202. doi:10.1111/j.1465-7295.1980.tb00569.x
[26] R. Grant, “Prospering in Dynamically-Competitive Environments: Organizational Capability as Knowledge Integration,” Organization Science, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1996, pp. 375-387. doi:10.1287/orsc.7.4.375
[27] D. J. Teece, G. Pisano and A. Shuen, “Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 18, No. 7, 1997, pp. 509-533. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(199708)18:7<509::AID-SMJ882>3.0.CO;2-Z
[28] C. Freeman and L. Soete, “The Economics of Industrial Innovation,” Routledge, London, 1997.
[29] B. Kogut and U. Zander, “Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Technology,” Organization Science, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1992, pp. 383-397. doi:10.1287/orsc.3.3.383
[30] G. Day, “The Capabilities of Market-Driven Organizations,” The Journal of Marketing, Vol. 58, No. 4, 1994, pp. 37-52.
[31] S. Winter, “The Satisficing Principle in Capability Learn- ing,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 21, No. 10-11, 2000, pp. 981-996. doi:10.1002/1097-0266(200010/11)21:10/11<981::AID-SMJ125>3.0.CO;2-4
[32] P. Schoemaker and R. Amit, “The Competitive Dynamics of Capabilities: Developing Strategic Assets for Multiple Futures,” Wharton on Dynamic Competitive Strategy, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1997.
[33] C. Prahalad and V. Ramaswamy, “Co-Opting Consumer Competence,” Harvard Business Review, Vol. 78, No. 1, 2000, pp. 79-93.
[34] J. Dyer and H. Singh, “The Relational View: Cooperative Strategy and Sources of Interorganizational Competitive Advantage,” Academy of Management Review, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1998, pp. 660-679.
[35] J. Birkinshaw and P. Hagstr?m, “The Flexible Firm: Capability Management in Network Organizations,” Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 4, 2000, p. 230.
[36] R. Amit and P. Schoemaker, “Strategic Assets and Organizational Rent,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1993, pp. 33-46. doi:10.1002/smj.4250140105
[37] C. E. Helfat and M. A. Peteraf, “The Dynamic Resource Based View: Capability Lifecycles,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 24, No. 10, 2003, pp. 997-1010. doi:10.1002/smj.332
[38] A. Krasnikov and S. Jayachandran, “The Relative Impact of Marketing, Research-and-Development and Operations Capabilities on Firm Performance,” Journal of Marketing, Vol. 72, No. 4, 2008, pp. 1-11. doi:10.1509/jmkg.72.4.1
[39] N. Karra, N. Phillips and P. Tracey, “Building the Born Global Firm: Developing Entrepreneurial Capabilities for International New Venture Success,” Long Range Planning, Vol. 41, No. 4, 2008, pp. 440-458. doi:10.1016/j.lrp.2008.05.002
[40] J. A. Timmons and S. Spinelli, “New Venture Creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21st century,” Vol. 4, Irwin Burr Ridge, Burr Ridge, 1994.
[41] M. Wielemaker and E. Gedajlovic, “Governance and Ca- pabilities: Asia’s Entrepreneurial Performance and Stock of Venture Forms,” Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-29.
[42] R. Makadok, “Toward a Synthesis of the Resource Based and Dynamic Capability Views of Rent Creation,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 22, No. 5, 2001, pp. 387-401. doi:10.1002/smj.158
[43] J. Wiklund, et al., “The Future of Entrepreneurship Research,” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-9. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00420.x
[44] S. Zahra and G. George, “International Entrepreneurship: The Current Status of the Field and Future Research Agenda,” Strategic Entrepreneurship: Creating a New Mindset, Blackwell, London, 2002, pp. 255-288.
[45] L. Dana, “Handbook of Research on International Entrepreneurship,” Edward Elgar Publisher, Canterbury, 2006.
[46] C. J. Voisey, “When a Japanese Subsidiary is Not a Japanese Subsidiary: Internationalization as Changing Organizational Identity and Capabilities,” International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2010, p. 211. doi:10.1177/1470595810370915
[47] J. Woiceshyn and U. Daellenbach, “Integrative Capability and Technology Adoption: Evidence from Oil Firms,” Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2005, p. 307. doi:10.1093/icc/dth053
[48] T. S. Bateman and J. M. Crant, “The Proactive Component of Organizational Behavior: A Measure and Correlates,” Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1993, pp. 103-118. doi:10.1002/job.4030140202
[49] Marie, “L'Afrique des Individus,” Editions Karthala, Paris, 1997.
[50] G. Svensson and G. Wood, “A Conceptual Framework of Corporate and Business Ethics across Organizations: Struc- tures, Processes and Performance,” The Learning Organization, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2011, pp. 21-35. doi:10.1108/09696471111095975
[51] M. Keupp and O. Gassmann, “The Past and the Future of International Entrepreneurship: A Review and Suggestions for Developing the Field,” Journal of Management, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2009, p. 600. doi:10.1177/0149206308330558
[52] G. A. Knight and S. T. Cavusgil, “Innovation, Organizational Capabilities and the Born-Global Firm,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2004, pp. 124-142. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400071
[53] C. B. Bingham, “Oscillating Improvisation: How Entrepreneurial Firms Create Success in Foreign Market Entries Over Time,” Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2009, pp. 321-345. doi:10.1002/sej.77
[54] E. Autio, G. George and O. Alexy, “International Entrepreneurship and Capability Development—Qualitative Evidence and Future Research Directions,” Entrepreneur- ship Theory and Practice, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2011, pp. 11-37. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00421.x
[55] D. Miller, “The Correlates of Entrepreneurship in Three Types of Firms,” Management Science, Vol. 29, No. 7, 1983, pp. 770-791. doi:10.1287/mnsc.29.7.770
[56] J. G. Covin and D. P. Slevin, “Strategic Management of Small Firms in Hostile and Benign Environments,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1989, pp. 75- 87. doi:10.1002/smj.4250100107
[57] S. Shane and S. Venkataraman, “The Promise of Entrepreneurship as a Field of Research,” Academy of Management Review, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2000, pp. 217-226.
[58] T. Baker, E. Gedajlovic and M. Lubatkin, “A Framework for Comparing Entrepreneurship Processes across Nations,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2005, pp. 492-504. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400153
[59] T. Mainela and V. Puhakka, “Role of Networks in Emergence of International New Ventures,” International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2011, pp. 5-25. doi:10.1504/IJEV.2011.037855
[60] D. D. Sharma and A. Blomstermo, “The Internationalization Process of Born Globals: A Network View,” International Business Review, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2003, pp. 739-753. doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2003.05.002
[61] N. E. Coviello and H. J. Munro, “Growing the Entrepreneurial Firm: Networking for International Market Development,” European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 29, No. 7, 1995, pp. 49-61. doi:10.1108/03090569510095008
[62] A. Larson, “Network Dyads in Entrepreneurial Settings: A Study of the Governance of Exchange Relationships,” Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1992, pp. 76-104. doi:10.2307/2393534
[63] H. L. Chen and Y. Huang, “The Establishment of Global Marketing Strategic Alliances by Small and Medium Enterprises,” Small Business Economics, Vol. 22, No. 5, 2004, pp. 365-377. doi:10.1023/B:SBEJ.0000022207.90510.46
[64] J. Johanson and J. E. Vahlne, “Commitment and Opportunity Development in the Internationalization Process: A Note on the Uppsala Internationalization Process Model,” Management International Review, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2006, pp. 165-178. doi:10.1007/s11575-006-0043-4
[65] H. Yli-Renko, E. Autio and V. Tontti, “Social Capital, Knowledge, and the International Growth of Technology-Based New Firms,” International Business Review, Vol. 11, No. 3, 2002, pp. 279-304. doi:10.1016/S0969-5931(01)00061-0
[66] M. Han, “Developing Social Capital to Achieve Superior Internationalization: A Conceptual Model,” Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2006, pp. 99-112. doi:10.1007/s10843-007-0003-5
[67] R. Gulati, “Alliances and Networks,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 19, No. 4, 1998, pp. 293-317. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(199804)19:4<293::AID-SMJ982>3.0.CO;2-M
[68] R. Achrol, “Changes in the Theory of Interorganizational Relations in Marketing: Toward a Network Paradigm,” Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1996, p. 56. doi:10.1177/0092070397251006
[69] M. Granovetter, “Economic Action and Social Structure: A Theory of Embeddedness,” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 91, No. 3, 1985, pp. 481-510. doi:10.1086/228311
[70] S. Alvarez and J. Barney, “How Entrepreneurial Firms Can Benefit from Alliances with Large Partners,” The Academy of Management Executive (1993-2005), Vol. 15, No. 1, 2001, pp. 139-148.
[71] H. Steensma, et al., “The Influence of National Culture on the Formation of Technology Alliances by Entrepreneurial Firms,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, No. 5, 2000, pp. 951-973. doi:10.2307/1556421
[72] N. E. Coviello, “The Network Dynamics of International New Ventures,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 37, No. 5, 2006, pp. 713-731.
[73] H. Li and Y. Zhang, “The Role of Managers’ Political Networking and Functional Experience in New Venture Performance: Evidence from China’s Transition Economy,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 28, No. 8, 2007, pp. 791-804. doi:10.1002/smj.605
[74] M. Peng and Y. Luo, “Managerial Ties and Firm Performance in a Transition Economy: The Nature of a Micro-Macro Link,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2000, pp. 486-501. doi:10.2307/1556406
[75] T. Chen, “Network Resources for Internationalization: The Case of Taiwan’s Electronics Firms,” Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2003, pp. 1107-1130. doi:10.1111/1467-6486.t01-1-00373
[76] J. Johanson and J. Vahlne, “Business Relationship Learning and Commitment in the Internationalization Process,” Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2003, pp. 83-101. doi:10.1023/A:1023219207042
[77] H. Hoang and B. Antoncic, “Network-Based Research in Entrepreneurship: A Critical Review,” Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2003, pp. 165-187. doi:10.1016/S0883-9026(02)00081-2
[78] S. Harris and C. Wheeler, “Entrepreneurs’ Relationships for Internationalization: Functions, Origins and Strategies,” International Business Review, 2005, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 187-207. doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2004.04.008
[79] M. Song, R. Nason and C. Di Benedetto, “Distinctive Marketing and Information Technology Capabilities and Strategic Types: A Cross-National Investigation,” Journal of International Marketing, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2008, pp. 4-38. doi:10.1509/jimk.16.1.4
[80] S. Zahra, R. Ireland and M. Hitt, “International Expansion by New Venture Firms: International Diversity, Mode of Market Entry, Technological Learning, and Performance,” Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 43, No. 5, 2000, pp. 925-950. doi:10.2307/1556420
[81] M. Brettel, A. Engelen and F. Heinemann, “New Entrepreneurial Ventures in a Globalized World: The Role of Market Orientation,” Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2009, pp. 88-110. doi:10.1007/s10843-008-0033-7
[82] R. McGrath, I. Macmillan and S. Venkataraman, “Defining and Developing Competence: A Strategic Process Paradigm,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1995, pp. 251-275. doi:10.1002/smj.4250160402
[83] S. Cavusgil and S. Zou, “Marketing Strategy-Perfor- mance Relationship: An Investigation of the Empirical Link in Export Market Ventures,” The Journal of Marketing, Vol. 58, No. 1, 1994, pp. 1-21.
[84] N. Morgan, D. Vorhies and C. Mason, “Market Orientation, Marketing Capabilities, and Firm Performance,” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 30, No. 8, 2009, pp. 909-920. doi:10.1002/smj.764
[85] J. Hagedoorn and G. Duysters, “External Sources of Innovative Capabilities: The Preferences for Strategic Alliances or Mergers and Acquisitions,” Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 39, No. 2, 2002, pp. 167-188. doi:10.1111/1467-6486.00287
[86] G. Ahuja, C. M. Lampert and V. Tandon, “Moving Beyond Schumpeter: Management Research on the Determinants of Technological Innovation,” The Academy of Management Annals, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2008, pp. 1-98. doi:10.1080/19416520802211446
[87] A. Bhide, “The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses,” Oxford University Press, New York, 2000.
[88] G. Verona, “A Resource-Based View of Product Development,” Academy of Management Review, Vol. 24, No. 1, 1999, pp. 132-142.
[89] K. G. Smith, C. J. Collins and K. D. Clark, “Existing Knowledge, Knowledge Creation Capability, and the Rate of New Product Introduction in High-Technology Firms,” The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 48, No. 2, 2005, pp. 346-357. doi:10.5465/AMJ.2005.16928421
[90] N. E. Aaby and S. F. Slater, “Management Influences on Export Performance: A Review of the Empirical Literature 1978-1988,” International Marketing Review, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1993, pp. 7-20.
[91] G. Lumpkin and G. Dess, “Clarifying the Entrepreneurial Orientation Construct and Linking It to Performance,” Academy of Management Review, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1996, pp. 135-172.
[92] C. Bruyat and P. Julien, “Defining the Field of Research in Entrepreneurship,” Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2001, pp. 165-180. doi:10.1016/S0883-9026(99)00043-9
[93] S. Kitchell, “Corporate Culture, Environmental Adaptation, and Innovation Adoption: A Qualitative/Quantitative Approach,” Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, Vol. 23, No. 3, 1995, pp. 195-205. doi:10.1177/0092070395233004
[94] S. A. Zahra, D. F. Jennings and D. F. Kuratko, “The Antecedents and Consequences of Firm-Level Entrepreneurship: The State of the Field,” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 24, Part 2, 1999, pp. 45-66.
[95] S. Hao and B. Yu, “The Impact of Technology Selection on Innovation Success and Organizational Performance,” iBusiness, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2011, pp. 366-371.
[96] G. George, “Learning to Be Capable: Patenting and Licensing at the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation 1925-2002,” Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2005, p. 119. doi:10.1093/icc/dth046
[97] C. Hsu and A. Pereira, “Internationalization and Performance: The Moderating Effects of Organizational Learning,” Omega, Vol. 36, No. 2, 2008, pp. 188-205. doi:10.1016/
[98] A. S. Miner, et al., “Fruits of Failure: Organizational Failure and Population-Level Learning,” In: Advances in Strategic Management, Vol. 16, 1999, pp. 187-220.
[99] P. R. Haunschild and B. N. Sullivan, “Learning From Complexity: Effects of Prior Accidents and Incidents on Airlines’ Learning,” Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2002, pp. 609-646. doi:10.2307/3094911
[100] A. C. Corbett, H. M. Neck and D. R. De Tienne, “How Corporate Entrepreneurs Learn from Fledgling Innovation Initiatives: Cognition and the Development of a Termination Script,” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 31, No. 6, 2007, pp. 829-852. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00208.x
[101] J. Bhatnagar, “Measuring Organizational Learning Capability in Indian Managers and Establishing Firm Performance Linkage: An Empirical Analysis,” The Learning Organization, Vol. 13, No. 5, 2006, pp. 416-433. doi:10.1108/09696470610679965
[102] A. DiBella, E. Nevis and J. Gould, “Understanding Organizational Learning Capability,” Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3, 1996, pp. 361-379. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6486.1996.tb00806.x
[103] Shukla, “The Learning Edge: Building Capabilities for Corporate Performance,” In: K. B. Akhilesh, L. Prasad and P. Singh, Eds., Evolving Performing Organizational through People, New Age International, New Delhi, 1995, pp. 209-214.
[104] V. García-Morales, F. Llorens-Montes and A. Verdú-Jo- ver, “Antecedents and Consequences of Organizational Innovation and Organizational Learning in Entrepreneurship,” Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 106, No. 1, 2006, pp. 21-42. doi:10.1108/02635570610642940
[105] Brown, “Organizational Culture,” Financial Times-Pitman, London, 1998.
[106] C. Moorman, “Organizational Market Information Processes: Cultural Antecedents and New Product Outcomes,” Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1995, pp. 318-335. doi:10.2307/3151984
[107] T. Bertels and C. Savage, “A Research Agenda for the Knowledge Era: The Tough Questions,” Knowledge and Process Management, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1999, pp. 205-212. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1441(199912)6:4<205::AID-KPM67>3.0.CO;2-6
[108] C. E. Helfat and M. B. Lieberman, “The Birth of Capabilities: Market Entry and the Importance of Prehistory,” Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2002, p. 725.
[109] C. M. Fiol, “Consensus, Diversity, and Learning in Organizations,” Organization Science, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1994, pp. 403-420. doi:10.1287/orsc.5.3.403
[110] C. M. Beckman and P. R. Haunschild, “Network Learning: The Effects of Partners’ Heterogeneity of Experience on Corporate Acquisitions,” Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2002, pp. 92-124. doi:10.2307/3094892
[111] C. B. Bingham, K. M. Eisenhardt and N. R. Furr, “What Makes a Process a Capability? Heuristics, Strategy, and Effective Capture of Opportunities,” Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1-2, 2007, pp. 27-47.
[112] B. M. Oviatt and P. P. McDougall, “Toward a Theory of International New Ventures,” Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1994, pp. 45-64. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490193
[113] J. Johanson and J. Vahlne, “The Internationalization Process of the Firm—A Model of Knowledge Development and Increasing Foreign Market Commitments, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1977, pp. 23-32. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8490676
[114] J. Johanson and J. E. Vahlne, “The Mechanism of Internationalisation,” International Marketing Review, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1993, pp. 11-24.
[115] T. Madsen and P. Servais, “The Internationalization of Born Globals: An Evolutionary Process?” International Business Review, Vol. 6, No. 6, 1997, pp. 561-583. doi:10.1016/S0969-5931(97)00032-2
[116] McKinsey Company and A. M. Council, “Emerging Exporters: Australia’s High Value-Added Manufacturing Exporters: Final Report of the Study,” Australian Manufacturing Council, 1993.
[117] B. Oviatt and P. McDougall, “Challenges for Internationalization Process Theory: The Case of International New Ventures,” Management International Review, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1997, pp. 85-99.
[118] W. Cohen and D. Levinthal, “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation,” Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1990, PP. 128- 152. doi:10.2307/2393553
[119] S. Saarenketo, K. Puumalainen, O. Kuivalainen and K. Kyl?heiko, “On Dynamic Knowledge-Related Learning Processes in Internationalizing High-Tech SME’s,” Inter- national Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 89, No. 3, 2004, pp. 363-379. doi:10.1016/S0925-5273(03)00185-3

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.