Pattern of smoking cessation and its associated factors in Vietnam


Background: Even though the number of research on tobacco in Vietnam has recently increased rapidly, there remains a lack of reporting on the pattern of quit smoking and its correlates. It is necessary to have scientific evidence on this issue to help the policy makers and the Public Health sector to have appropriate intervention program to enhance the smoke cessation smoke program and improve the health status of the smokers. This study aims to: (1) Describe the pattern of smoking cessation in Vietnam 2010. (2) Examine the association between smoking cessation with some associated factors in Vietnam 2010. Methods: Data used in this paper were obtained from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) conducted in Vietnam in 2010. A total of 11,142 households were selected for this survey using a two-phase sampling design analogous to a three-stage stratified cluster sampling. Both descriptive and analytical statistical analyses were carried out. Multivariate logistic regression modeling was performed to examine the association between the patterns of quit daily; quit smoke; attempt to quit and intend to quit among smokers with relevant factors. Results: The prevalence of the different type of cessation among male and female were 23.3% and 28.6% for quit daily; 19.1% and 1.0% for quit; 55.6% and 44.4% for attempt to quit and 29.6% and 19.3% for intend to quit respectively. The prevalence of quit daily and quit increased with age whereas attempt to quit decreased with age. Prevalence of cessation was highest among the group who were asked about smoking tobacco by health care providers. Some determinants of quit daily and quit include age, area, and knowledge of illnesses caused by smoking. There was no association between attempt and intend to quit with any socio-characteristic except for area. People in rural area were 2.1 and 1.7 times more likely attempt to quit and intend to quit than those in urban area, respectively. Conclusion: The GATS Vietnam 2010 showed that the prevalence of cessation in Vietnam was low. Quit daily and quit had association with age, area, knowledge about the top three consequences of smoke. People in rural area were 2.1 and 1.7 times more likely attempt to quit and intend to quit than those in urban area, respectively.

Share and Cite:

Huong, L. , Minh, H. , Giang, K. , Xuan, L. , Nga, V. , Nga, P. , Hai, P. and Hsia, J. (2012) Pattern of smoking cessation and its associated factors in Vietnam. Health, 4, 289-296. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.46048.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Moore, D., Langlois, M., Gerber, B., Gaddis, R., Hallam, J. and Arnold, R. (2007) Intention to quit tobacco use among clients in substance use disorder treatment settings. Substance Use & Misuse, 42, 871-879. doi:10.1080/10826080701202528
[2] Bricker, J., Otten, R. and Liu, J. (2009) Parents who quit smoking and their adult children’s smoking cessation: a 20-year follow-up study. Addiction, 104, 1036-1042.
[3] Shiffman, S., Brockwell, S., Pillitteri, J. and Gitchell, J. (2008) Individual differences in adoption of treatment for smoking cessation: Demographic and smoking history characteristics. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 93, 121131. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.09.005
[4] Ministry of Health (2003) Vietnam national health survey (VNHS). Ministry of Health, Hanoi.
[5] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003) Global youth tobacco survey (GYTS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta.
[6] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007) Global youth tobacco survey (GYTS) 2007.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta.
[7] Hackshaw, L.M.A., West, R. and Bauld, L. (2010) Quit attempts in response to smoke-free legislation in England. Tobacco Control, 19, 160-164. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.032656
[8] Hazemba, A.S.S., Muula, A.S. and Rudatsikira, E. (2010) Gender specific factors associated with having stopped smoking among in-school adolescents in Ukraine: Results from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2005. BMC Research Notes, 16, 76. doi:10.1186/1756-0500-3-76
[9] Rosendo, I., Fonseca, G., Guedes, A. and Martins, V.A. (2009) Characterisation of smokers and factors influencing motivation to stop smoking. Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia, 15, 783-802.
[10] WHO (2009) Global adult tobaco survey (GATS): Thailand country report. http://wwwsearowhoint/LinkFiles/Regional_Tobacco_Surveillance_System_GATS_Thailand_2009pdf
[11] Honjo, K.I.H., Inoue, M., Tsugane, S. and JPHC Study Group (2010) Smoking cessation: Predictive factors among middle-aged Japanese. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 12, 1050-1054. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntq143
[12] Solberg, L.I.B.R., McCarty, M., Asche, S.E. and Thoele, M.J. (2007) Young adult smokers: Are they different. American Journal of Managed Care, 13, 626-632.
[13] World Health Organization (2003) WHO framework convention on tobacco control. World Health Organization, Geneva.
[14] World Health Organization (2008) WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic. World Health Organization, Geneva.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.